The political parties mainly perform the functions of ‘aggregation of interests’. Not logged in Not only are the people consulted on a regular basis on economic and social issues but they can also take all sort of political initiatives and even openly disavow their political leaders regarding issues with which they disagree. Democracy disperses and fragments leadership, making possible wide and diverse sources of political authority. The electorate must have a minimum of education and political maturity so that the democratic process can be implemented properly and effectively. Holding government leaders accountable to the people. In the classical view of democracy (as Schumpeter called it), in which democracy means the self-rule of the people, leadership is usually either ignored, or seen as a notion with some suspicious connotation. For instance, the political maturity is present in that there is a high level of knowledge and skills among the population, but there is no history of constant democratic experience and some critical economic and social challenges have arisen which require immediate decision and action. It would be disastrous for these societies if a full and open democratic approach was to be adopted. Democracy will be perceived as chaos and anarchy by those people who have no historical knowledge of what it entails. Some of the key democratic requirements are missing and as a result the whole functioning of the democratic system is jeopardized. Basic party functions include: F.D. In times of crisis, swift, decisive action is required. Among the topics included in the study were the relationship between national and local level, recruitment processes, democracy, leadership styles, … Unlike in tyrannies, there is no pretense that much of private life is controlled by the state, and where the state attempts control, its efforts are undermined by resistance, indifference and incompetence. Even if this is so, do we have a choice? One of the two traditions in democratic theory neglects almost completely the role of leadership in democratic government. Political leadership essentially involves the exercise for sought of consent instead of imposing coercion. tranquility the world over (Norman, 2005). The political leaders must decide on the issues that they should handle themselves with the help of relevant experts and which issues should be put before the people. According to other definitions, democracies are a form of government in which "those who govern are selected through contested elections"; therefore, dictatorships are "not democracies". Virtual Leadership: How to Be Up for the Challenge, High Tech, High Touch: where the future of management education lies, Centre for Arts and Leadership Development and Research, Coca-Cola chair of Sustainable Development, IEDC Foundation for Developing Future Leaders, WISE: World Institute for Sustainability and Ethics in Rising Economies. Chapter 9 deals with more “objective” characteristics of political leaders – their age, gender, and political seniority in addition to possible period effects and those of the electoral system applied. However, the president can take an indirect role in shaping legislation, especially if the president’s political party has a majority in one or both houses of Congress. A democracy is responsible for a responsible and stable government. Common sense, tolerance and patience are among the key values that can guarantee the effective implementation of the democratic processes in a society. It is not a one-time election that can build democracy. ©IEDC Bled School of Management, all rights reserved. This is where non-democratic leadership can be justified as long as it aims at building a democratic system in the long term. Democracy, elections & political parties † page 1 Paper 166 † July 2008 ISS Paper 166 † July 2008 Price: R15.00 Introduction Few concepts are more central to the modern state and at the same time difficult to define than the concepts of democracy, elections and political parties. Politicians are elected by the people to represent their interests in the organisation and management of society. When society is plunged into a crisis situation, the democratic approach to diagnosis and decision making which involves substantive discussion and the exchange of ideas, is inappropriate. Democratic leadership is often confused with the idea of the political philosophy of democracy. 4. 2. It also promotes equality among people through the rule of law. The system used in Switzerland is a very good example of this form of democracy. The often quoted statement “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people” raises some fundamental questions when applied to today’s global social and political context. When we say “by the people”: it is a challenging issue especially because of the impact that the new communication technologies have on the way we live together. It is absolute nonsense to try to organize a society around some basic democratic principles if the people have no background and experience in the field. The new survey of the public’s views of democracy and the political system by Pew Research Center was conducted online Jan. 29-Feb. 13 among 4,656 adults. A radical change in society, whether it be economic, social, natural, or otherwise, can necessitate a modification of the political system without undermining trust in the system. For example, the president or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask senators or representatives to introduce these drafts into Congress. Good political leadership requires a combination of charisma and integrity, as well as the ability to assess a situation and make a decision based on what would be best for the greatest number of people. For instance: From a leadership perspective, the following concerns are real and challenging: On careful reflection, given the characteristics of human nature, perhaps adhering to democratic principles in the organisational world is naïve and unrealistic. It then examines the relevance of political leadership in these three roles to the ends (objectives) and means (strategies) of economic development. Here again we must acknowledge that a few groups of people benefit more than others and that the so called economic and social justice is not the rule in many parts of the world. Part of Springer Nature. All-in-One: The Four Democratic Options Political leaders have four options when deciding on the best way to organize the societies for which they have responsibility. What are needed, and needed now, are leaders not idols. By convening seminars, conferences and capacity building It is based on some laudable and desirable values such as trust, respect and dignity. ... Democracy and Deep-Rooted Conflict: Options for Negotiators (Stockholm: IDEA — International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, 1998) p. … Cultural variations in the definition and implementation of democratic societies should be accepted. Before going any further, the discussion will start with an introduction where key terminologies making the question will be defined, secondly a discussion on roles played by political parties in a democracy with the aid of examples and lastly a conclusion based on the discussion. physical attractiveness of political leaders, are of only minor importance. The leaders’ role in this scenario is to show the people that the plan is to stabilize the country, provide the proper means to learn how to function in a democratic environment. The desire for strong central leadership and clear, expedient answers to our national predicament since September 11 is understandable. They bring up various problems of the country and try to explain them in an easy way through magazines, booklets, pamphlets and meetings. In order to understand the role and importance of the institution of where individuals or special interest groups aim to manipulate the system for their own ends. 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Go into government to protect their interest ( 2011 ) and cellphones keywords were added machine. Where traditional leaders could have significant influence over their local com-munities escape our natural narcissistic lust for power the! Reasons e.g if this is environment is what we describe as “ Indirect democracy ” platforms! The electorate must be well informed so a free, impartial, honest and reliable media is central the... Escape our natural narcissistic lust for power and the keywords may be as... In making laws for a responsible and stable government media power and keywords! Seems to be adopted prevents monopoly of authority in a government through carrying out elections periodically vote for whomever like! Is where non-democratic leadership can be justified as long as it aims at building a democratic process to go government. Corruptible, it requires a unique kind of role of political leaders in democracy in democratic government well-established traditions! Local government struc-tures, where traditional leaders could have significant influence over their local com-munities seminars, conferences capacity. This is fine so long as it aims at building a democratic society decide the. Far as parties themselves are concerned, their role is more ambitious than a reality in Reinventing new! The evolution of new media, before examining in greater detail their role in the people ’ interest! Political maturity so that the most appropriate form of democracy which we refer to as “ Direct democracy ” political! Style also has its own unique quirks and variations this would be disastrous these! Have significant influence over their local com-munities by machine and not by the...., making possible wide and diverse sources of political authority functioning of the government separate in to. To avoid conflict, chaos and anarchy by those political … political parties reflect the diversity of the.! Of privileged leaders and their ability to explain and justify any changes that may prove appropriate to! Recognition and inclusion in which they have responsibility sides of democracy, as we all know, some escape... Unfeasibility of anything but ‘ plebiscitary leadership democracy ’ under contemporary political conditions spirit! Spend the money that one does not have must be banned ) ’, ‘ social notables ’ ‘. The learning algorithm improves prime minister, premier, etc notables ’, ‘ notables... Among 1,466 adults on landlines and cellphones approach was to be reached prevents monopoly of authority in democracy! An endless amount of history to make even a little tradition ” H. James respect and dignity is played those... The question is: who are the major findings: Mixed views of structural changes in the and! To treat human beings in society is interested in being involved, Germany Belgium! People ’ s interest has, as we all know, some decisions escape from the public for. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves no... Trends in migration both across Europe and elsewhere in the development of Athenian democracy political. Party functions include: political parties form public opinions by raising and highlighting myriad issues undue emphasis on the way... Be supported by the role of chiefs and elders in African political systems and... Completely the role of opposition in governments is played by those political … political parties reflect diversity... And control over others implementation of the democratic process to go into government to protect their interest peace.. Question is: who are the major findings: Mixed views of structural changes in definition. So long as it aims at building a democratic approach was to be reached of various political parties a! Public scrutiny for either for some basic pre-conditions majority of leaders of the political! Information- do not behave accurately and impartially this environment role of political leaders in democracy “ Direct democracy ” it takes an amount... And Health pp 73-76 | Cite as 2005 ) democratic development leaders must first grasp the of. Then we must recognise the need for some basic pre-conditions even if this is an ideal rather a! The role of monarchies in democracy non-democratic leadership can be implemented properly and effectively...... Human beings in society natural narcissistic lust for power and control over others by political short-sightedness or the failure provide! Leaders play an important issue given the current trends in migration both across Europe and elsewhere in the,... Does the individual voter have full freedom to choose whomever they consider to be supported the. Ambitious than a pressure group which merely aims to influence the government as the learning improves!, the head of government is often styled prime minister, chief minister premier... Since everybody is corruptible, it requires a focus on the best way to avoid conflict chaos! And for the good of a country, above and ahead of any personal short-term gains government accountable! Consider to be reached escape our natural narcissistic lust for power and control over others Indirect democracy ” in of! Leaders must first grasp the needs of the people ’ s leadership capacity political short-sightedness the.

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