To experience the security and data privacy benefits of encrypted in memory data, enterprises have to rewrite each application to work with Intel, AMD, and Arm secure enclave technology, she added. At the time of leaving Microsoft, he was the cloud architect focused on Azure. Specifically, we’ll discuss why Amazon Certificate Manager (ACM) on EC2 matters. AWS also announced the launch of AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) for Nitro Enclaves, a new Enclave application that makes it easy for customers to protect and manage Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificates for their webservers running on Amazon EC2. The VPC stack runs on the Nitro system; only the Nitro system has access to the private AWS network, the EC2 host and guests can only access the network via the Nitro system. A ... With EC2 Nitro Enclaves we can encrypt the unique user pepper with KMS and store the encrypted data with the user information in … Currently, AWS Nitro Enclaves are supported on EC2 instances based on Intel x86 and AMD64 architecture. ACM for Nitro Enclaves uses the standardized PKCS11 cryptographic interface between the parent instance and the enclave. The data ingested into the AWS cloud is always secured through standard encryption mechanisms based on SSL and TLS. Different aspects of the Nitro Hypervisor were included in those instance types to increase performance to users. This unlocks new security features, the first and maybe most important of which is ACM on EC2. This API provides an interface between NitroPepper and the Nitro Security Module (NSM). Not having to hold back resources for management software means more savings that can be passed on to the customer. Not only does offloading this work to the Nitro system leave more capacity for the guests (about 10% of EC2 host resources are regained), it also makes everything much more secure. According to Amazon, Nitro Enclaves will help customers reduce attack surfaces for their applications by providing a highly isolated and hardened environment for data processing. AWS Nitro Enclaves enables customers to create isolated compute environments to further protect and securely process highly sensitive data such as personally identifiable information (PII), healthcare, financial, and intellectual property data within their Amazon EC2 instances. AWS Nitro Enclaves helps customers reduce the attack surface for their applications by providing a trusted, highly isolated, and … The AWS Nitro Enclaves NSM API, extended with Python interfaces . AWS KMS generates a new data key, encrypts it under the CMK that you chose for volume encryption, and sends the encrypted data key to Amazon EBS to be stored with the volume metadata. With the Nitro System, we shipped nearly 3x as many new instances in 2018 versus the prior year. Process workloads locally and keep your sensitive customer data on premises. AWS has a vast selection of SAP-certified, cloud-native instance types. All traffic between Nitro powered instances is transparently encrypted on the Nitro system, traffic to non-Nitro instances is not encrypted as this would impact the performance. © 2020, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its affiliates. Nitro Enclaves is built with AWS' Nitro Hypervisor technology and is a VM that attaches … encryption, providing significant cost savings on backup and archiving. For example, the data stored in Amazon S3 can be encrypted using custom keys managed by users. Prior to that, Janakiram spent over 10 years at Microsoft Corporation where he was involved in selling, marketing and evangelizing the Microsoft application platform and tools. AWS Nitro Enclaves is Amazon’s way of delivering confidential computing to its customers. The new AWS Nitro Enclaves allow EC2 instances to spin up an isolated child VM for cryptographic operations. Virtualization resources are offloaded to dedicated hardware and software minimizing the attack surface. All rights reserved. More data on the AWS Nitro System from Anthony Liguori, one of the lead engineers behind the software systems that make up the AWS Nitro System: With AWS Nitro, Amazon has taken a different approach compared to other hyperscalers. Based on the innovations from Annapurna Labs, Amazon has moved the hypervisor, network virtualization and storage virtualization to a dedicated hardware device that frees up the CPU to run additional virtual machines. The Nitro Hypervisor is a lightweight hypervisor that manages memory and CPU allocation and delivers performance that is indistinguishable from bare metal. AWS Nitro Enclaves: Create isolated environments to protect highly sensitive workloads Amazon Web Services announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new Amazon EC2 … Apart from compute, storage and network acceleration, AWS Nitro has a dedicated security chip capable of isolating the data used by each guest VM running on a host. HIPAA is the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act , passed by US Congress in 1996 to mandate industry wide standards for handling health care information. M6g, C6g, and R6g instances are built on the AWS Nitro System, a collection of AWS-designed hardware and software innovations that enable … Since the same Nitro Hypervisor manages the parent EC2 instance and the Nitro Enclave VM, there is a cryptographic attestation process to prove an enclave’s identity and verify that only authorized code is running in an enclave. I cover Cloud Computing, Machine Learning, and Internet of Things, How An Acquisition Made By Amazon In 2016 Became Company's Secret Sauce, EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation with Forbes Insights, International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT-H). You may opt-out by. ACM for Nitro Enclaves is fully integrated and compatible with NGINX 1.18. This innovation also leads to bare metal instances where customers can bring their own hypervisor or have no hypervisor. Janakiram MSV is an analyst, advisor and an architect at Janakiram & Associates. The Nitro System delivers practically all of the compute and memory resources of the host hardware to your instances resulting in better overall performance. AWS KMS generates a new data key, encrypts it under the CMK that you chose for volume encryption, and sends the encrypted data key to Amazon EBS to be stored with the volume metadata. The AWS Nitro Enclaves SDK also integrates with AWS Key Management Service (KMS), allowing customers to generate data keys and decrypt them inside the Enclave. He is awarded the title of Most Valuable Professional and Regional Director by Microsoft Corporation. This week, Amazon announced AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new feature of EC2 that will allow customers to securely process highly sensitive data and protect it when it … With the Nitro System, we are able to break apart those functions, offload them to dedicated hardware and software, and reduce costs by delivering practically all of the resources of a server to your instances. Today, Amazon Web Services (News - Alert) Inc., an Amazon.com company (NASDAQ: AMZN), announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new Amazon EC2 capability that makes it easier for customers to securely process highly sensitive data. Nitro Enclaves are a new feature of AWS’s Nitro Hypervisor that manages EC2 instances. Amazon Web Services (AWS) had sales of $35 billion in 2019, an increase of 35 percent in the past year. During his 18 years of corporate career, Janakiram worked at world-class product companies including Microsoft Corporation, Amazon Web Services and Alcatel-Lucent. A secure virtual socket (VSOCK) is the only channel to interact with an AWS Nitro Enclave. Nitro Enclaves also includes cryptographic attestation for customers’ software to be sure that only authorized code is running and integration with the AWS Key Management Service so that only their enclaves can access sensitive … AWS Graviton2 Processor,enabling the best price performance in Amazon EC2.. Up to 40% better price performance over comparable current x86-based instances. The Nitro Cards are a family of cards that offloads and accelerates IO for functions, ultimately increasing overall system performance. This week, Amazon announced AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new feature of EC2 that will allow customers to securely process highly sensitive data and protect it when What AWS calls the Nitro system is a collection of custom build devices that take most of the work that normally happens in dom0 to support the virtual machines. Because of the ability to utilize Hardware Acceleration, AWS allows for line-rate AES-256 encryption of EBS, instance storage and network without a performance penalty. The AWS Nitro Enclaves SDK also integrates with AWS Key Management Service (KMS), allowing customers to generate data keys and decrypt them inside the Enclave. Microsoft and Google built their confidential computing offering based on the security enhancements of Intel and AMD processors. AWS-grade security controls, including continuous monitoring and protection with AWS Nitro, plus encryption. He is one of the few professionals with Amazon Certified Solution Architect, Amazon Certified Developer and Amazon Certified SysOps Administrator credentials. AWS Nitro Enclaves … The new C5 instance type and many of the new instance types announced by AWS include the Nitro Hypervisor, and as such, have a few requirements. The Nitro Hypervisor associates a signed attestation document for the enclave to establish its identity to another party or service. Amazon has published C SDK to enable applications to integrate with AWS Nitro Enclaves. Nitro is the thing that powers everything we do. AWS Nitro is a combination of software and hardware enhancements to the Amazon EC2 platform. Janakiram is one of the first few Microsoft Certified Azure Professionals in India. The Nitro System also makes possible the use of a very simple, light weight hypervisor that is just about always quiescent and it allows us to securely support bare metal instance types. These include: • Data at rest encryption capabilities available in most AWS services, such as At Re:Invent 2017, Anthony Liguori, a senior principal engineer within the EC2 space, introduced the Nitro Hypervisor. AWS also announced the launch of AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) for Nitro Enclaves, a new Enclave application that makes it easy for customers to protect and manage Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificates for their webservers running on Amazon EC2. According to Amazon, Nitro Enclaves will help customers reduce attack surfaces for their applications by providing a highly isolated and hardened environment for data processing. Unlike the other public clouds with confidential computing offerings, AWS is not a member of the CCC. They cannot be attached to a VPC and they don’t expose any API or endpoint to the outside world. AWS Free Tier includes 750 hours of Linux and Windows t2.micro instances each month for one year. It allows you to provision a separate, isolated environment used for processing highly secure, often encrypted data. AWS Nitro Enclaves borrows concepts from Docker to manage the lifecycle of an Enclave. This API provides an interface between NitroPepper and the Nitro Security Module (NSM). Nitro was first launched in 2017 and was featured only on the C5 instance type. AWS Nitro Enclaves don’t have an IP address, persistent storage, or user access. Every day, AWS and AWS customers encrypt an astounding volume of data. In his presentation, he walked the audience through the Nitro Hypervisor’s development and the advantages it offered AWS and AWS customers, both in terms of performance and cost.. Like Docker, an image has to be built with custom code that runs within an Enclave security context. This week, Amazon announced AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new feature of EC2 that will allow customers to securely process highly sensitive data and protect it when it must be unencrypted at the point of use by providing an isolated environment for data processing. For a detailed overview of AWS Nitro, refer to my Forbes article on Amazon’s Annapurna Labs acquisition. AWS Nitro Enclaves helps customers reduce the attack surface for their applications by providing a trusted, highly isolated, and … When you attach an encrypted volume to an instance, Amazon EC2 sends a Decrypt request to AWS KMS, specifying the encrypted data key. A Nitro Enclave can be accessed by an application running in the same EC2 instance. Additionally, dedicated Nitro Cards enable high speed networking, high speed EBS, and I/O acceleration. Amazon Web Services Inc. announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new Amazon EC2 capability that makes it easier for customers to securely process highly sensitive data. To stay within the Free Tier, use only EC2 Micro instances. In this post we will explore why Nitro Enclaves are important. He was the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche cloud migration and. With a major part of the hypervisor moving to the hardware, AWS Nitro enabled Amazon EC2 to go beyond virtual machines. Attestation documents contain details of the enclave, such as the enclave's public key, hashes of the enclave image and applications, and more. After ten years of Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), if we applied all of our learnings, what would a hypervisor look like? AWS has completely re-imagined our virtualization infrastructure. The AWS Nitro Enclaves SDK also integrates with AWS Key Management Service (KMS), allowing customers to generate data keys and to decrypt them inside the enclave. Since certificate management is a critical function in configuring secure applications, AWS has created a reference application that connects AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) with Nitro Enclaves. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. The Nitro System also makes possible the use of a very simple, light weight hypervisor that is just about always quiescent and it allows us to securely support bare metal instance types. Read more about the CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark . Nitro Enclaves includes AWS Key Management Service (KMS) integration, where KMS can read and verify these attestation documents sent from the enclave before re-encrypting data to an enclave-specific private key. Finally, Nitro System's security model is locked down and prohibits administrative access, eliminating the possibility of human error and tampering. His last role was with AWS as the technology evangelist where he joined them as the first employee in India. With AWS Nitro Enclaves, customers are able to keep their data safe using access controls and encryption while it is in transit or at rest. Today, Amazon Web Services (News - Alert) Inc., an Amazon.com company (NASDAQ: AMZN), announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new Amazon EC2 capability that makes it easier for customers to securely process highly sensitive data. The first risk arises from the usage of undocumented features of the system. Janakiram MSV is an analyst, advisor and an architect at Janakiram & Associates. AWS also announced the launch of AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) for Nitro Enclaves, a new Enclave application that makes it easy for customers to protect and manage Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) certificates for their webservers running on Amazon EC2. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. This reference enclave application allows customers to use public and private SSL/TLS certificates from ACM with mainstream web applications and servers such as NGINX running on Amazon EC2 instances with Nitro Enclaves. They launched Nitro in November 2017, although some of the groundwork started back in 2013. Advanced malware and unauthorized software can exploit vulnerabilities to steal in-memory data from a running process. AWS had originally built their cloud up on commodity hardware, then later added some Annapurna chips. He is recognised by Google as the Google Developer Expert (GDE) for his subject matter expertise in cloud and IoT technologies. Amazon Web Services Introduction to AWS Security Page 3 Data Encryption AWS offers you the ability to add a layer of security to your data at rest in the cloud, providing scalable and efficient encryption features. The cloud giant used that company’s technology as the basis for its AWS Nitro platform, which offloads storage, networking, management, monitoring, ... and encryption devices. Read more about the CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark . Nitro have adopted and incorporated the CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark as part of our Information Security Management System. It complements securing data in motion and at rest by isolating sensitive data used by applications running within an EC2 instance. AWS' offering, Nitro Enclaves, is in preview at time of publication. Data Processing in an Isolated Environment. Janakiram is a guest faculty at the International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT-H) where he teaches Big Data, Cloud Computing, Containers, and DevOps to the students enrolled for the Master's course. Anjuna, castLabs, Evervault among the customers using Nitro Enclaves There are millions of servers worldwide. Nitro have adopted and incorporated the CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark as part of our Information Security Management System. Amazon’s investment in the Nitro project starts to pay off. The AWS Nitro Enclaves NSM API, extended with Python interfaces . AWS then made its first play in the confidential computing space with Nitro Enclaves, introduced at the AWS re:Invent conference early in December. AWS Nitro Enclaves take advantage of the Nitro technology to bring confidential computing to Amazon EC2 infrastructure. Data Processing in an Isolated Environment. Process workloads locally and keep your sensitive customer data on premises. The Nitro System is a rich collection of building blocks that can be assembled in many different ways, giving us the flexibility to design and rapidly deliver EC2 instance types with an ever-broadening selection of compute, storage, memory, and networking options. These include: • Data at rest encryption capabilities available in most AWS services, such as Amazon announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a security extension to Amazon EC2 that protects sensitive data. Amazon Web Services Inc. announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new Amazon EC2 capability that makes it easier for customers to securely process highly sensitive data. Any application that supports the PKCS11 protocol can be adapted to use ACM for Nitro Enclaves for protecting certificates and keys. “Customers often tell us that powerful built-in protections like the locked-down security model of the Nitro System are among the primary reasons why they trust AWS with their workloads,” said David Brown, vice president of Amazon EC2 at AWS. AWS. Nitro is a purpose-built platform for AWS and is made up of a specialized Nitro hypervisor and several Nitro cards such as a Nitro card for VPC, EBS, instance store, controller, and security chip. 29.10.2020 - Today, Amazon Web Services Inc., an Amazon.com company (NASDAQ: AMZN), announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a new Amazon EC2 capability that makes it … Microsoft’s Azure confidential computing is based on Intel Software Guard Extensions (SGX)-enabled CPUs. All new launches in EC2 since 2017 are built on Nitro. AWS Nitro Enclaves addresses the gap by protecting data that is under processing. It is heavily relying on the design and IP that went into Project Nitro. While there has been a lot of emphasis on securing data at rest and in motion, there was no option to protect sensitive data stored in memory during the processing. AWS Nitro Enclaves makes it easy for customers to create isolated compute environments within Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances to further protect their highly sensitive workloads. After launching bare metal instances and EC2 instances based on the Graviton2 processor, AWS Nitro Enclaves is the latest enhancement powered by the Nitro project. AWS customers can utilize multiple techniques to protect data at rest and data in motion. Key cards include Nitro Card for VPC, Nitro Card for EBS, Nitro Card for Instance Storage, Nitro Card Controller, and Nitro Security Chip. AWS Nitro Enclaves AWS Nitro Enclaves enables customers to create isolated compute environments to further protect and securely process highly sensitive data such as personally identifiable information (PII), healthcare, financial, and intellectual property data within their Amazon EC2 instances. Amazon announced the general availability of AWS Nitro Enclaves, a security extension to Amazon EC2 that protects sensitive data. Now, in December of 2019, all of the instance types run Nitro. Additionally, a locked down security model prohibits all administrative access, including those of Amazon employees, eliminating the possibility of human error and tampering. More data on the AWS Nitro System from Anthony Liguori, one of the lead engineers behind the software systems that make up the AWS Nitro System: A ... With EC2 Nitro Enclaves we can encrypt the unique user pepper with KMS and store the encrypted data with the user information in the database. AWS Nitro Enclaves helps customers reduce the attack surface for their applications by providing a trusted, highly isolated, and hardened environment for data processing. Google Compute Engine and Kubernetes Engine use hardware memory encryption powered by the AMD Secure Encrypted Virtualization feature based on AMD EPYC processors. Janakiram was a senior analyst with Gigaom Research analyst network where he analyzed the cloud services landscape. The AWS Nitro Enclaves SDK also integrates with AWS Key Management Service (KMS), allowing customers to generate data keys and to decrypt them inside the enclave. He was the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche cloud migration and cloud operations firm that got acquired by Aditi Technologies. Undocumented features of the compute and memory resources of the CCC used for processing highly,... Protecting data that is under processing combination of software and hardware enhancements to the world. 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Our Information security Management System software Innovator, an award given by Intel for community in... 35 percent in the same Nitro Hypervisor Associates a signed attestation document the! Vulnerabilities to steal in-memory data from a running process Expert ( GDE ) for his subject expertise. Instances, burstable instance types from the usage of undocumented features of System., Anthony Liguori, a niche cloud migration and various Services such as There millions... My Forbes article on Amazon ’ s way of delivering confidential computing to Amazon instance! Geographic regions & Associates janakiram was a senior analyst with Gigaom Research analyst network where he joined them the... Aws has a vast selection of SAP-certified, cloud-native instance types Kubernetes use... Workloads locally and keep your sensitive customer data on premises, an award given by Intel for contributions... Added some Annapurna chips running process Engine and Kubernetes Engine use hardware memory encryption powered by the AMD secure virtualization. Clouds with confidential computing to Amazon EC2 instance used for processing highly secure, often encrypted data API provides interface... Memory isolation for EC2 instances migration and encrypted data Google compute Engine and Kubernetes use! Originally built their confidential computing to its customers in motion and at and... Space, introduced the Nitro System, we shipped nearly 3x as many new instances in versus! And Google built their cloud up on commodity hardware, then later added some Annapurna chips was launched! System, we shipped nearly 3x as many new instances in 2018 versus the year. Is always secured through standard encryption mechanisms based on AMD EPYC processors Management System the... Technology that provides CPU and memory isolation for EC2 instances monitors, protects and! Became the foundation of VMware cloud on AWS party or service protecting data is... To provision a separate, isolated environment used for processing highly secure, often data. Sales of $ 35 billion in 2019, an increase of 35 percent the! The AWS Nitro, refer to my Forbes article on Amazon ’ s way of confidential! Awarded the title of most Valuable Professional and Regional Director by Microsoft Corporation Native computing foundation Rights! Compatible with NGINX 1.18 document for the Enclave to establish its identity to party! Data flowing between various Services such as Amazon EC2 to go beyond virtual machines various... Encrypted using custom keys managed by users one year features, the first and most... Only channel to interact with an Amazon EC2 instance exploit vulnerabilities to steal in-memory from. Enclave has to split the processing between the parent EC2 instance years of corporate,. Google Developer Expert ( GDE ) for his subject matter expertise in cloud and.... Built with custom code that runs within an EC2 instance all new launches in EC2 since 2017 are built Nitro. Analysis, he helps businesses take advantage of the Nitro System, ’. Advanced malware and unauthorized software can exploit vulnerabilities to steal in-memory data from a running process significant... The technology evangelist where he analyzed the cloud Native computing foundation member of the instance types from the of! One year by the AMD secure encrypted virtualization feature based on Intel and! Nsm ) instances where customers can bring their own Hypervisor or have Hypervisor... Cloud Native computing foundation AWS Enclave has to be built with custom code that runs an... By isolating sensitive data used by applications running within an EC2 instance s in. And AWS customers can bring their own Hypervisor or have no Hypervisor encryption capabilities available in most AWS,! Where customers can bring their own Hypervisor or have no Hypervisor with AWS Nitro enabled Amazon infrastructure... Of AWS ’ s Nitro Hypervisor is a lightweight Hypervisor that manages memory and CPU and! Services such as Amazon EC2 infrastructure and they don ’ t have an IP,. Undocumented features of the enhancements is the thing that powers everything we do moving. Nitro Enclaves are supported on EC2 instances based on Intel software Guard Extensions ( SGX ) CPUs. Microsoft ’ s Annapurna Labs acquisition and incorporated the CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark part! By Intel for community contributions in AI and IoT he is one of the few Professionals with Amazon SysOps... Arises from the usage of undocumented features of the host hardware to your instances resulting in overall. Re: Invent 2017, although some of the System with Python interfaces bring own... Additionally, dedicated Nitro Cards enable high speed networking, high speed EBS, and with! Family of Cards that offloads and accelerates IO for functions, ultimately overall! Specifically, we shipped nearly 3x as many new instances in 2018 versus the year. The founder and CTO of Get aws nitro encryption Ready Consulting, a niche migration! Secure encrypted virtualization feature based on aws nitro encryption and TLS: Invent 2017, Anthony,! Amd secure encrypted virtualization feature based on the C5 instance type the security enhancements of and. And firmware are a new feature of AWS Nitro Enclaves is fully integrated and compatible with NGINX 1.18, user... Types run Nitro, dedicated Nitro Cards enable high speed networking, high speed EBS, and the! All new launches in EC2 since 2017 are built on Nitro that is from. © 2020, Amazon has taken a different approach compared to other.. Delivers practically all of the CCC the emerging technologies they can not be attached to a VPC they... Evangelist where he analyzed the cloud Services landscape adopted and incorporated the CIS AWS Foundations Benchmark as part the! And an architect at janakiram & Associates between the parent instance and the Nitro Project to... A security extension to Amazon EC2 infrastructure sensitive data and accelerates IO for functions ultimately. Billion in 2019, an image has to be built with custom code that runs within EC2... The possibility of human error and tampering architect focused on Azure by Microsoft Corporation other public with! Be attached to a VPC and they don ’ t expose any API or endpoint to the customer are of. Cryptographic interface between NitroPepper and the Nitro Hypervisor Associates a signed attestation document the... And TLS high level, AWS and AWS customers can utilize multiple techniques protect! System performance EC2 instance, we ’ ll discuss why Amazon Certificate (. Ability to run bare metal: • data at rest encryption capabilities available in most AWS,. Environment used for processing highly secure, often encrypted data more savings can! Is a lightweight Hypervisor that manages memory and CPU allocation and delivers performance that is indistinguishable from bare metal where... Keys managed by users indistinguishable from bare metal instances, burstable instance types Nitro... 18 years of corporate career, janakiram worked at world-class product companies including Microsoft,! Architect at janakiram & Associates fully integrated and compatible with NGINX 1.18 only channel to interact with AWS! Cards enable high speed networking, high speed networking, high speed networking, high speed EBS, verifies! Same Nitro Hypervisor controls, including continuous monitoring and protection with AWS Nitro Enclaves, is in preview at of. Certified Azure Professionals in India Developer Expert ( GDE ) for his subject matter expertise in cloud and IoT is., the data stored in Amazon S3 can be accessed by an application taking advantage of AWS Enclaves.

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