To put it simply, mangrove forests are just as important to the underwater ecological system as the coral reefs. Mangrove forests in Pakistan contribute to marine life in several ways. About 16,000 camels, 4,000-6,000 cows and water buffaloes and 2,500 3,000 cattle graze in mangroves. Year. Mangroves are the small trees and shrubs that grow in coastal areas. 17. Since 2010, around 55,000 hectares of mangrove forests have been planted and restored. Selection of plantation sites and mangroves species best suited for the planting areas; Raising a mangrove nursery for restocking plant failures; Transporting nursery stock to selected planting sites However, the Sindh Forest Department along with other governmental and non-government organisations is now taking steps to rehabilitate these forests. 5 Distribution of Mangrove Forests along the Coast of Pakistan. The total area is nearly 10,000 km2. ATPN 468 views. 1. Sindh Forest Department Headquarters, Shahbaz Building Block-A, Thandi Sarak, Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. In addition, it is at the… Mangrove forests also referred to as mangrove swamps comprise of both tall trees and shrubs. Pakistan keti Bandar Mangrove Forest Documentary - Duration: 4:54. He said that in the 1950s, the mangrove forests were spread over 350,000 hectares. The mangroves around the Indus Delta cover an area of about 600,000 hectares and are considered the largest dry-climate mangroves in the world. Indus delta mangroves are perhaps unique in being the largest arid climate mangroves in the world. Firstly, they provide ideal breeding grounds for the most species of fish, jellyfish, sponges, shrimps, crabs and other shellfish. Increase mangrove forest cover by plantation, conservation, rehabilitation and regeneration of degraded mangrove forest in the Port Qasim Area on land owned by SSGC; Improve livelihoods for local communities by restoring degraded areas, which will further expand ecosystem benefits to the communities in terms of fish catch. Forests of Sindh are rather unique because of low rainfall and subtropical location. Mangrove Categories Year Area in Hectares ; Dense, normal and sparse ; mangroves vegetation 1932 604,870 ; Dense, normal and sparse The irrigated plantations were first developed in 1866 at Changa Manga in … The provincial coastline comprises 17 large creeks and swamp areas and numerous small ones where mangrove forests thrive. The word “mangrove” refers to trees, families of the plant, and the ecosystem that has adapted to tidal zones (Tomlinson 1986). Mangrove forests are teeming with life. For Mumbai suburban, data showed total mangrove area notified, as per the forest department record, was 3,948.5 ha while the same according to the revenue department was 3,723.4 ha. Despite being such a diverse and utterly important part of our ecological systems, mangrove forests in Pakistan, as well as the rest of the world, are facing serious threats. Moreover, crabs and shrimps also forage in the soft mud beneath the mangrove roots. Meanwhile, the mangrove forests in Balochistan are located along Milani Hor, Kalmat Hor and Gwadar Bay. The key types discovered is Avicennia Marina that nurtures in low height. They are mainly composed of Avicennia officinalis. Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. Let’s take a look at the mangrove forests in Pakistan, their contribution to marine life, the threats they are facing and the steps taken by the government to restore them. $50bn housing project threatens mangroves on Pakistani island. These forests are one of the primary features of coastal ecosystems and are widely spread across the coast of Pakistan. The roots of mangroves contain an advanced salt filtration system that helps them stay alive and thrive in the seawater. Mangrove forest sand can be found in the Indus channel and coastline areas of Arabian Sea across the beach of Karachi and Pasni in Balochistan. wetlands at Deh Akro Wildlife Sanctuary in Sindh, classification of forests, woodlands, and trees in Pakistan, best lifestyle and property blog in Pakistan, steps taken by the government to tackle major environmental concerns, The Ultimate Guide to Buying a Lamp for Your House, Here is Everything You Need to Know About Balloting for LDA City Lahore, Deforestation is the biggest threat to mangrove swamps in Sindh and Balochistan. RS spends most of her free time browsing through Netflix, reading a comic book or planning her next travel adventure. Primarily known as one of the branches of dry forests, tropical thorn forests – also known as thorny forests – are… Some of the other natural characteristics of mangrove forests include the ability to hold their place firmly in the soil. International Union for Conservation of Nature Distribution of Mangrove Forests along the Coast of Pakistan Mangrove Categories. Reduced reproduction and procurement of commercially important fish. This brings an end to our guide on the mangrove forests in Pakistan and their importance. The Mangrove Forest - Karachi, Pakistan-74700 - Rated 4.3 based on 3 Reviews "Best facilitators,enjoyable environment,excellent services." According to estimations, these forests cover an area of 207,000 ha. Mangroves in Sindh Pakistan’s coastline is approximately 1,000 kilometres long of which Sindh’s share is around 350km. Another measure that can be taken is the declaration of the entire mangrove forest as a ‘protected’ forest under the Pakistan Forest Act 1927. "By the year 1990, the area was reduced to 86,000 hectares … Deprivation of local communities of the traditional use. The rigorous conservation policy and local coastal communities both aided in the restoration of mangrove forests in the regions. The mangroves in Pakistan are distributed among the coastlines of Sindh and Balochistan. Mangrove forests in South Asia occur on the tidal sea edge of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka and represent approximately 7% of the global total (Giri et al., 2011b). They also protect both the seawater and freshwater ecosystems. This is an ecological disaster! They are tolerant of the salt in seawater and can easily grow in harsh weather conditions. About 16,000 camels, 4,000-6,000 cows and water buffaloes and 2,500 3,000 cattle graze in mangroves. The mangrove forests under the management of Sindh Forest Department and Port Qasim Authority are classified as the ‘Protected Forests.’ On the other hand, the mangrove swamps in Sindh that fall under the control of the Board of Revenue are declared as the ‘Government wasteland.’. Mangroves plants play a vital role in stabilizing shorelines by preventing erosion and keeping saltwater from contaminating the inland water bodies. Mangroves forests of Pakistan in Indus delta and along Arabian Sea coastal areas, as per estimates, are some 129,000 hectors in the Indus delta and over 3,000 hectors in Miani Hor, Kalmat Khor and Gwadar bay areas. However, various public and private-sector organizations are now working to restore these forests in order to stabilize the shorelines, protect the natural habitat for thousands of species, prevent erosion and keep the area safe from storms and high tides. They often form what appear to be small islands along the coastline filled with vegetation. Last year, the Pakistan Navy launched an effort to plant a million more. ‘The ocean has fallen ill’ The International Union for Conservation of Nature and World Wide Fund for Nature have also played an important role in supporting these initiatives to restore mangrove forests in Pakistan. Mangrove forests only grow at tropical and subtropical latitudes near the equator because they cannot withstand freezing temperatures. They are almost entirely dependent upon freshwater discharges from the River Indus and a small quantity of freshwater from domestic and industrial effluents of Karachi. Mangrove forests on the western coast of Madagascar support a number of endemic bird species that are endangered. Several fish species even live under the mangroves for most of their juvenile lives and swim into the open oceans once they are adults. Since they grow in waterlogged mud, mangroves can also survive rather easily in places with low oxygen level. The mangrove forests in Karachi saw an alarming decline during the early 2000s due to various land reclamation projects. Wondering about the ecological importance of mangrove forests in Pakistan? Environmentalists say proposed real estate project on Bundle Island would trigger an ‘environmental disaster’. KARACHI: The Pakistan Navy on Monday launched its ‘Mangroves Plantation Campaign 2019’ by planting saplings at the Bin Qasim port. Unfortunately, various land reclamation projects along with pollution and climate change have led to a sizable reduction of mangrove forests in Pakistan. They are considered the prime nesting sites for hundreds of migratory and shorebirds. The mangroves in Pakistan are distributed among the coastlines of Sindh and Balochistan. However, efforts are being made to restore these ecosystems along the coastlines in Sindh and Balochistan. Mangroves forests of Pakistan in Indus delta and along Arabian Sea coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan. In some tropical countries, such as India, the Philippines, and Vietnam, over 50% of mangrove ecosystems have been lost in this century. The plantation drive was completed within a period of 12 hours with the help of around 300 local volunteers. 4:54. Moreover, don’t forget to subscribe to the Zameen Newsletter and Facebook page for the latest real estate-related updates. Other than providing shelter and sustenance to marine life, mangrove forests also provide natural habitat to thousands of other species. Khaled bin … Mangrove ecosystems are most diverse in South Asian seas and least diverse in the Caribbean. She loves Doctor Who, abhors cats and has a weakness for ramen. Where accessible they are cut for fuelwood and are mostly shrubby. In June 2013, the Sindh Forest Department set the Guinness World Record for the ‘Maximum Number of Trees Planted in a Day’ after planting more than 840,00 mangrove saplings in Thatta and Kharo Chan regions. Reduced availability of wood for use by local communities. There are more than 80 types of mangroves found all across the world. While most forests in Sindh are under the control of Sindh Forest Department, the mangroves are managed by three different organizations. The largest contiguous mangrove forest in the world, Sundarbans, is located in the border of Bangladesh and India. You can also find giant lizards and other animals in these forests. The leaves serve as a valuable fodder for camels. Common species are vann ( Salvadora oleoides ), khejri ( Prosopis cineraria ), kair ( Capparis aphylla ), etc. At times, over 600,000 hectares of Pakistan’s coastline was under mangrove forestation. Silting up the navigational channels and ports and harbours and. You can find this tropical coastal vegetation in most tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The Sindh Forest Department along with the Government of Sindh and the federal government has also created a mangrove resource base spread over an area of more than 150,000 hectares in Sindh. Mangrove forests in Pakistan began diminishing at an alarming rate due to urbanisation and climate change. A huge area still remains under the authority of the Board of Revenue (BoR) and the Karachi Port Trust (KPT) and has not been granted a ‘protected’ status under the Forest Act 1927. Loss of livelihood, impoverishment and declining health of communities, particularly women, children and elders dependent on fish and fish based products as a primary source of sustenance. They are mainly used for grazing purposes, watershed protection and fuelwood. Turtles also use these forests as their nesting ground while snails and clams burrow their way into the soft mangrove soil. These include the Sindh Forest Department along with Port Qasim Authority and Board of Revenue. The forests are poorly stocked and the species are few. As per the official website of the Sindh Forest Department, presently there are four types of mangroves found in the Indus delta. These marine animals are largely dependent on the food webs provided by these coastal swamps. Once dismissed as wastelands, mangrove forests are among the most important ecosystems that contribute to marine life and protect the coastal zones, keeping them healthy. For grazing purposes, watershed protection and fuelwood coastal communities both aided in the mangrove forest in pakistan in the... Forests have been planted and restored four types of mangroves found all across the coast of.. The small trees and shrubs that grow in coastal areas of Sindh and Balochistan the leaves serve a... A period of 12 hours with the help of around 300 local volunteers are tolerant of the natural! Alive and thrive in the world slow-flowing water land reclamation projects land reclamation.! 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