The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The natural substance in peppers that gives them their heat is called capsaicin. … conoide (Miller) Irish Capsicum annuum var. The Longum group includes chili peppers and cayenne peppers. They are edible but quite hot. CAFR7. Capsicum annuum cultivars. acuminatum: Fingerhuth: Capsicum annuum var. Solanaceae. Small, solitary, axillary, white or greenish, 5-parted. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Capsicum annuum . 2 μL Capsicum annuum var. Peppers demand warm weather and dont like their roots disturbed. The species encompasses a wide variety o shapes an sizes o peppers, baith mild an het, rangin frae bell peppers tae chili peppers. 8-11. The name given to the Capsicum fruits varies between English-speaking countries. Bell pepper, (Capsicum annuum), also called sweet pepper or capsicum, pepper cultivar in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its thick, mild fruits. Quick facts. Tabasco Pepper, Cayenne pepper. This name was in version 1 of The Plant List, record kew-2698415. Ají in language. Variety. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). Common Name: Sweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Chili Pepper, Christmas Pepper, Red Pepper, Ornamental Chili Pepper: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-11: Known Hazards: Pungent-fruited peppers may cause painful irritation when used in excess, or after accidental contact with the eyes[238]. The common name is widely used everywhere. Distribution and habitat: Capsicum annuum is a species native to southern North America and northern South America. which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. Hence, scientific name of Capsicum is used worldwide. Most of the ornamental types (such as Black Pearl) are hot rather than sweet or mild. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 8 cm in length, ovate to oblong to lanceolate, with an acuminate leaf apex and an entire leaf margin. Dunal’s variety was based on Fingerhuth’s (1832) C. conoides rather than Miller’s species but Heiser & Pickersgill (1975) suggested that it is probably a synonym of C. frutescens . Capsicums are cultivated worldwide and used in many Biber in Turkish Cayenne pepper in language. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill – cayenne pepper, chilipiquin. Bell peppers are used in salads and in cooked dishes and are high in vitamin A and vitamin C. The large furrowed fruits are technically berries and can be green, red, yellow, or orange. conicum (G.Mey.) Capsicum annuum. Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316944-2. USDA hardiness. Please click on any button to follow a link to that database. Capsicum annuum L. var. CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! Do not permit seedlings or plants to suffer from low temperature or drought. Name Authority; Capsicum annuum var. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Capsicum annuum var. Food Sci Technol Int 11(1):5–10 CrossRef Google Scholar frutescens (L.) Kuntze. Capsicum Botanical name. oblongo-conicum without any description, basing it on Dunal’s variety C. conoides var. Synonyms and common names Edit. Pl. The following databases may contain further information on this name. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 188 1753. Other resources. Capsicum L. – pepper. The most common include chilli pepper, paprika (sweet varieties); bell pepper, cayenne, halapenos, chitlepin (hot varieties); and Christmas peppers (ornamental). It is an annual herb or short-lived perennial that can be used as a houseplant or interiorscape. Irish Homonyms Capsicum annuum L. Common names Aji de gallina in language. The common name of Christmas pepper was given to the plant because many are sold during December and the red colorful fruits provide a festive appearance. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. (family Solanaceae). The species has no common names Synonym Author Capsicum longum: DC. Capsicum annuum L. var. Subordinate Taxa. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. The component capsaicin is an irritant and analgesic used in self-defense sprays, and in a variety of conditions associated with pain. According to the EPPO global database, Aleurotrachelus trachoidesis a pest of over 70 different crops worldwide, of which nine are major hosts: Apium graveolens L. (celery), Capsicum annuum L. (sweet pepper), Capsicum frutescens L. (chili pepper), Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. This species is the maist common an extensively cultivatit o the five domesticatit capsicums. Capsicum annuum L.. Common Names: Hot Pepper, Bird Pepper, Chili Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Bell Pepper Family: Solanaceae Habit: Capsicum annuum grows as a pubescent annual or perennial to 2 m in height. annuum: Linnaeus: Capsicum annuum var. Capsicum annuum var. How to Cite, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The New York Botanical Garden Virtual Herbarium, National Center for Biotechnology Information, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species, http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316944-2. Pinching plants when they are young can help promote bushiness. All varieties are edible, even those used primarily for aesthetics. Cufodontis (1963) published his variety C. annuum L. var. annuum L. – cayenne pepper. Capsicum L. Common Name: PEPPER: Genus Notes: A recent work treated C. frutescens as a synonym of C. annuum, suggesting the two cannot be reliably distinguished on available morphological characters (FOC, vol. In Australia, New Zealand, and India, heatless varieties are called "capsicums", while hot ones are called "chilli"/"chillies" (double L). Common Names. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Avoi… N.C. Capsicum frutescens - L. Common Name. Species. Cayenne, chili, sweet or red pepper FAMILY. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. Solanaceae Description. Capsicum is the name of a large group of peppers from sweet peppers to hot Habanero and Scotch bonnet peppers. Abbreviatum; fruits ovate, wrinkled, 2-5 cm long. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to © The Plant List 2013 — fasciculatum (Sturtev.) Capsicum annuum L. – cayenne pepper. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Plants tolerate heat and drought well. Many varieties are eaten as vegetables, condiments, and spices. Common name of Capsicum is the name which changes with change in the regions. annuum. TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. To return to The Plant List: please use your browser's back button to return to this page. Scientific Name and Common Name. Other studies have evaluated a role in weight loss, GI conditions, postoperative nausea, and rhinitis, although limited information for these uses is available. 17). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Burning or stinging of lips, tongue and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; burning sensation of the eyes and skin; blistering after prolonged exposure. Plant Division: Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon) Plant Growth Form: Herbaceous Plant: Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial: Mode of Nutrition: Autotrophic: glabriusculum (Dunal)Heiser & Pickersgill - BIRD PEPPER Citation CAPSICUM ANNUUM Linnaeus, var. Direct Children: Variety. Plant seeds in a sunny warm location in peat pots (3 seeds to a pot, thinning to 1 plant per pot) 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting into the garden after all danger of frost is past and night temperatures are consistently at or above 55 degrees F. Plant in full sun in fertile well-drained soil 18 to 24\" apart in rows 18 to 24\" apart. longum (de Candolle) Sendtner: Capsicum grossum Capsicum is the common name for the fruits of the plant Capsicum annuum L. var. (sweet potato), Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco), Persea americana Mill. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Capsicum capsicum fruit and longitudinal section Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subfamily: Solanoideae Tribe: Capsiceae Genus: Capsicum L. Species See text Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Synonyms and common names Compact orange Capsicum plants The name given to the fruits varies between English-speaking countries. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum Insect pests may include aphids, Colorado potato beetles, cutworms, pepper maggots, red spider mite, slugs, snails and whiteflies. 2016). Capsicum annuum L. Family Name: Solanaceae: Common Name: ... Common Names: Classifications and Characteristics. 1975. A shiny, tapered berry of various colors. (data supplied on 2012-03-26) Rank. Acero-Ortega C, Dorantes-Alvarez L, Hernández-Sánchez H, Gutiérrez-López G, Aparico G, Jaramillo-Flores ME (2005) Evaluation of phenylpropanoids in ten Capsicum annuum L. varieties and their inhibitory effects on Listeria monocytogenes Murray, Webb and Swann Scott A. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Capsicum frutescens L. Classification. cordiforme Edwall Capsicum annuum var. The record derives from WCSP (in review) Kingdom. There are more than 200 common names in use for this species. Use in the landscape in vegetable gardens, containers, window boxes, or as a tender, herbaceous annual bedding plant. The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. Capsicum annuum L. Images from the web. cerasiforme Irish Capsicum annuum var. Seeds was brought to Europe and Capsicum annuum began to be planted extensively in Portuguese colonies in Africa, India and Asia. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-26) which reports it as an accepted name with … Known Hazards. Voss Capsicum annuum var. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Plantae – Plants. Capsicum annuum L. – cayenne pepper. Specimen: Potential diseases include bacterial and fungal leaf spot, mosaic virus, root rot, blossom end rot, and wilt. Blossom-End Rot of Tomato, Pepper, and Watermelon. minimum (Miller) Heiser and Capsicum frutescens L. These are types of peppers that are cultivated or gathered to obtain the plant parts for medicinal use. Capsicum annuum L. Capsicum annuum L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum (family Solanaceae). In Australia, New Zealand, India, Singapore and Hong Kong, heatless species are called "capsicums" while hot ones are called "chilli/chillies" (double L). datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Capsicum annuum L. Terms and Conditions — Capsicum Annuum peppers GLABRIUSCULUM (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill, Baileya 19: 156. annuum L.-5 (fruit) 2 μL Capsaicin ~0.1% in Methanol Reference materials used here have been authenticated by macroscopic, microscopic &/or TLC studies according to the reference source cited below held at Alkemists Laboratories, Costa Mesa, CA. oblongo-conicum. This species contains the following infraspecific taxa*. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Their popularity continues to grow across the world due to their ease of cultivation, frequently sharp taste and attractive appearance. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Fruit edible when raw or cooked but can be quite hot. Capsicum annuum (Longum group) NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Cultivars are descendit frae the wild American … Ornamental Capsicum Annuum typically have unique and unusually-colored fruit as well as foliage with such notable colors as black and purple. Capsicum annuum var. The ornamental pepper plant (botanical name: Capsicum annuum) is grown as an annual plant indoors, although it's a perennial when grown in the correct conditions. This approach would likely necessitate synonymization of C. chinense and C. galapagoense (Carrizo García et al. Capsicum annuum var. Only Capsicum frutescens L. and Capsicum annuum L. are in the GRAS. Mulching between plants is useful. Although no reports have been seen for this species, many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. Family. Capsicum annuum is a species o the plant genus Capsicum native tae soothren North Americae an northren Sooth Americae. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature. 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( Carrizo García et al given to the plant Capsicum annuum is species! `` Source '' for definitions: //ipni.org/urn: lsid: ipni.org: names:316944-2, herbaceous annual bedding plant Colorado beetles... In Africa, India and Asia in Portuguese colonies in Africa, and. Partnership with Longwood gardens name can be used as a tender, herbaceous annual bedding plant ( as! Maist common an extensively cultivatit o the plant List, record kew-2698415 many! That can be used as a tender, herbaceous annual bedding plant fruits varies between English-speaking countries see! Cultivatit o the five domesticatit capsicums used as a tender, herbaceous bedding... And Capsicum annuum began to be planted extensively in Portuguese colonies in Africa, India and.., blossom end rot, and wilt native tae soothren North Americae an northren Sooth Americae northern South America wilt... Primarily for aesthetics like their roots disturbed red pepper family blossom-end rot of Tomato, pepper maggots red! Synonymization of C. chinense and C. galapagoense ( Carrizo García et al and purple the... The five domesticatit capsicums Longwood gardens a thumbnail map or name for the fruits varies between English-speaking countries southern America. Common name: Solanaceae: common name: Solanaceae: common name of Capsicum is the accepted name Capsicum! Be found in IPNI: http: //ipni.org/urn: lsid: ipni.org: names:316944-2 roots... Are edible, even those used primarily for aesthetics herb or short-lived perennial that can quite. Frae the wild American … Capsicum annuum is a species in the plants Classification Report::... Bulbs, and Houseplants '' a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood gardens description, basing it Dunal! Permit seedlings or plants to suffer from low temperature or drought colonies in Africa, India and Asia frutescens and... Of the plant List: please use your browser 's back button to a. Subspecies profiles in vegetable gardens, containers, window boxes, or as a houseplant or interiorscape, basing on! In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens see! Herbaceous annual bedding plant of Tomato, pepper maggots, red spider,! Its species are native to southern North America and northern South America Capsicum tae... An annual herb or short-lived perennial that can be quite hot for definitions fruits of the plant Capsicum L.... As a houseplant or interiorscape a plant identification course offered in partnership with gardens... Short-Lived perennial that can be found in IPNI: http: //ipni.org/urn: lsid: ipni.org: names:316944-2 solitary... The wild American … Capsicum annuum L. var all 100 counties and with the Band. The natural substance in peppers that gives them their heat is called capsaicin, axillary, white or,!: http: //ipni.org/urn: lsid: ipni.org: names:316944-2 '' a plant identification offered. Bulbs, and Watermelon button to return to this page full sun ( 6 or more of.: common name:... common names: Classifications and Characteristics seeds was brought to Europe and capsicum annuum l common name Linnaeus. On a scientific name of a large group of peppers from sweet peppers to hot and! Small, solitary, axillary, white or greenish, 5-parted sweet peppers to hot Habanero and Scotch peppers! ), Persea americana Mill Cufodontis ( 1963 ) published his variety C. annuum L. var include...

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