Terrain here is rolling, with occasional escarpments, lava fields, and geysers. Its capital and largest city is San Salvador and the country is known as being the smallest but most densely populated country in Central America. The highest point in El Salvador is Cerro El Pital, at … Almost all the annual rainfall and the highest humidity occurs during this time, and yearly rain totals, particularly on southern-facing mountain slopes, can be as high as 2,000 millimeters (78.7 in). As a result of its many problems, a coup d'état or government overthrow occurred in October 1979 and a civil war followed from 1980 to 1992. in geography and a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic information Systems (GIS). El Salvador is a country located in Central America between Guatemala and Honduras. It replaced Ilopango Airport, which now serves as a military base. Natural hazards: The Geography of El Salvador. Total renewable water resources: In 1524, after living in Cuzcatlan for centuries, Pedro de Alvarado invaded El Salvador. El Salvador's legislative branch is made up of a unicameral Legislative Assembly, while its judicial branch consists of a Supreme Court. She holds an M.A. The lowest point of elevation in El Salvador is the Pacific Ocean, at sea level. The highest point in El Salvador is Cerro el Pital at 8,956 feet (2,730 m), located in the northern part of the country on the border with Honduras. The country is a democratic republic with a strong executive branch, a unicameral legislative assembly, and a supreme court. El Salvador is a country of 8,260 square miles (21,040 square kilometers) in Central America, between Guatemala and Honduras. El Salvador Map. By 1810, however, the citizens of El Salvador began to push for independence. These people were descendants of the Aztec, Pocomames, and Lencas. In January 1992 a series of peace agreements ended the war that killed more than 75,000 people. El Salvador has a coastline of 307 km. El Salvador is the smallest Central American country and is the only one without a coastline on the Caribbean sea. This region has a width ranging from one to thirty-two kilometers with the widest section in the east, adjacent to the Golfo de Fonseca. Because El Salvador is located not far from the equator, its climate is tropical in nearly all areas except for its higher elevations where the climate is considered more temperate. The highest place of El Salvador is 2,730 meters above sea level, at Cerro El Pital, in the municipality of San Ignacio… The topography of El Salvador consists mainly of mountains, but the country does have a narrow, relatively flat coastal belt and a central plateau. The Pacific lowlands are the hottest region, with annual averages ranging from 25 to 29 °C (77.0 to 84.2 °F). GEOGRAPHY El Salvador, the smallest Spanish-speaking nation in the Western Hemisphere, is located on the western side of the Central American isthmus. On May 31, 1522, the Spanish Admiral Andres Nino and his expedition landed on Meanguera Island, a territory of El Salvador located in the Gulf of Fonseca. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. Between the cones lie alluvial basins and rolling hills eroded from ash deposits. Land use (2012 estimate) includes 34.03 percent arable land, 10.86 percent permanent crops, 55.12 percent other. In 1822, many of these provinces joined with Mexico and although El Salvador initially pushed for independence among Central America's countries it joined the United Provinces of Central America in 1823. Geography :: El Salvador. Two parallel mountain ranges cross El Salvador to the west with a central plateau between them and a narrow coastal plain hugging the Pacific. El Salvador claims a territorial sea of 200 nautical miles (370.4 km; 230.2 mi). Motion along this fault is the source of earthquakes in northernmost El Salvador. The country is the smallest in Central America and uniquely within the region, it has no Caribbean coastline. The area was once heavily forested, but overexploitation led to extensive erosion, and it has become semibarren. Its brilliant flares were clearly visible for great distances at sea, and at night its glowing lava turned it into a brilliant luminous cone. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of El Salvador Geography 2020 information contained here. With an area of 21,041 square kilometers, the country is only slightly larger than Massachusetts. Surfaces in the Pacific lowlands are generally flat or gently rolling and result from the alluvial deposits of nearby slopes. A narrow plain extends from the coastal volcanic range to the Pacific Ocean. The first revolt in Central America against the Spanish took place in El Salvador in 1811, but it was not until 1821 that independence from Spain was achieved. mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau. Temperatures vary primarily with elevation and show little seasonal change. In 1840, however, the United Provinces of Central America dissolved and El Salvador became fully independent. San Salvador is representative of the central plateau, with an annual average temperature of 23 °C (73 °F) and absolute high and low readings of 38 and 6 °C (100.4 and 42.8 °F), respectively. Numerous lakes of volcanic origin are found in the interior highlands; many of these lakes are surrounded by mountains and have high, steep banks. Deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; contamination of soils from disposal of toxic wastes. The Cerron Grande Dam on the Rio Lempa has created a large reservoir, the Embalse Cerron Grande, in northern El Salvador. El Salvador is mountainous and known as the "land of volcanoes." All suggestions for corrections of any errors about El Salvador Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. The Pacific lowlands are uniformly hot and humid; the central plateau and mountain areas are more moderate. El Salvador, the smallest Spanish-speaking nation in the Western Hemisphere, is located on the western side of the Central American isthmus. Overview of country's geological attributes, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_El_Salvador&oldid=989361850, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 15:27. El Salvador - GEOGRAPHY El Salvador - GEOGRAPHY El Salvador, the smallest Spanish-speaking nation in the Western Hemisphere, is located on the western side of the Central American isthmus. The total land area of El Salvador is 23,041 km², with 20,721 km² of land and 320 km² of water. The highest mountain in El Salvador is Cerro El Pital at 2730 ft. high. One of the main natural resources in the country is its geothermal energy. Elevations in this region range from 1,600 to 2,700 meters. This is slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts. El Salvador has over 300 rivers, the most important of which is the Rio Lempa. With an area of 21,041 square kilometers, the country is only slightly larger than Massachusetts. It is bordered by Honduras to the northeast; Guatemala to the northwest and by the Pacific Ocean to the south. The mountain ranges and central plateau, covering 85 percent of the land, comprise the interior highlands. Their constant collision over thousands of years is what has created and will keep creating volcanoes in the area. El Salvador is a land of plains, mountain ranges, volcanoes, valleys, lakes and hills that give rise to the central plateau, whose elevation is 400 to 800 meters above the sea level. As the smallest country in continental America, El Salvador is sometimes called Pulgarcito de America (the "Tom Thumb of the Americas"). Following its conquer by Spain, El Salvador grew considerably. tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands, Terrain: Other rivers are generally short and drain the Pacific lowlands or flow from the central plateau through gaps in the southern mountain range to the Pacific. El Salvador is also located along a strip of land that goes from the Pacific coast of North America to the southernmost point of Chile that is called Ring of Fire. As the rocks constituting the ocean floor are forced down, they melt, and the molten material pours up through weaknesses in the surface rock, producing volcanoes and geysers. Mountains separate the country into the southern coastal belt, the central valleys and plateaus, and the northern mountains. Climate: A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms. The volcanic soil is rich, and much of El Salvador's coffee is planted on these slopes. From the early nineteenth century to the mid-1950s, Izalco erupted with a regularity that earned it the name "Lighthouse of the Pacific." It has 191 miles (307 km) of coastline along the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Fonseca and it is situated between Honduras and Guatemala. El Salvador's physical shape form, evokes a similar resemblance to a rugged and miniature version of the U.S State of California. Exclusive economic zone: It is basically the union of two tectonic plaques. El Salvador has a mixed economic system which includes a variety of private freedom, combined with centralized economic planning and government regulation. El Salvador currently has one of the largest economies in Central America and in 2001 it adopted the United States' dollar as its official national currency. Geography of the United States of America, Geography and History of the Island Nation of Samoa, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. The country also has a rainy season that lasts from May to October and a dry season that lasts from November to April. El Salvador has 590 km of borders, including 391 km of borders with Honduras and 199 km with Guatemala. The population density of El Salvador is 747 people per square mile or 288.5 people per square kilometer. The grinding action of these two plates creates a fault (similar to the San Andreas fault in California) that runs the length of the valley of the Rio Motagua in Guatemala. Its capital and largest city is San Salvador and the country is known as being the smallest but most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons. (slightly smaller than Massachusetts) Location: in Central America between Guatemala to the northwest and Honduras to the northeast and bordered by … A fact about the animals of el Salvador is that the crested eagles, and the jaguars are some endangered animals in El Salvador. El Salvador has a coastline of 307 km. Mountain areas are the coolest, with annual averages from 12 to 23 °C (53.6 to 73.4 °F) and minimum temperatures sometimes approaching freezing. The government system is a republic; the chief of state and head of government is the president. Uniquely situated in a cloud forest, the mountain is home to many endangered species of flora and fauna. El Salvador is known as the "Land of Volcanoes"; there are frequent and sometimes very destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; catastrophic hurricanes are uncommon. This plain is about 50 kilometers wide and has an average elevation of 600 meters. It is bordered by Guatemala, Nicaragua and El Salvador and has a population of just under eight million. GEOGRAPHY El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and is smaller than the state of Massachusetts. In 1900, some peace and stability was achieved and lasted until 1930. Rainfall during this season generally comes from low pressure over the Pacific and usually falls in heavy afternoon thunderstorms. Other large lakes include the Lago de Coatepeque in the west and the Lago de Güija on the Guatemalan border. El Salvador (/ ɛ l ˈ s æ l v ə d ɔːr / (); Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ] ()), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Saviour"), is a country in Central America.It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean.El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. The main industries in the country are food processing, beverage manufacturing, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, and light metals. Protected areas and the central plateau receive lesser, although still significant, amounts. In the southeast, the Golfo de Fonseca separates it from Nicaragua. During these months, air flowing from the Caribbean has lost most of its precipitation while passing over the mountains in Honduras. Two parallel mountain ranges cross through the country to the west. On September 15, 1821, El Salvador and the other Spanish provinces in Central America declared their independence from Spain. El Salvador is party to the Convention on Biological Diversity, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, CITES, Basel Convention, Partial Test Ban Treaty, Montreal Protocol, Ramsar Convention. Geography. The Geography of El Salvador Total Size: 21,040 square km Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Massachusetts Geographical Coordinates: 13 50 N, 88 55 W World Region or Continent: Central America General Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau Geographical Low Point: Pacific Ocean 0 m Geographical High Point: Cerro El Pital 2,730 m Agriculture also plays a role in the economy of El Salvador and the main products of that industry are coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum, beef, and dairy products. El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. El Salvador is one of the largest producers of geothermal energy in the world, with its peers in the geothermal generation being Costa Rica and Iceland. The westernmost group, near the Guatemalan border, contains Izalco and Santa Ana, which at 2,365 meters is the highest volcano in El Salvador. El Salvador is a small mountainous Central American nation. As a result, it is the country's most sparsely populated zone, with little farming or other development. El Salvador Overview - Overview - Customs and Culture - Diet and Recipes - Language - Religion - Interesting Facts People Government - Politics Geography Economy News - Weather History Photos - Video Travel En Español Sources United States Edition 90,962 km2 (35,121 sq mi), Natural resources: It earned the nickname "Lighthouse of the Pacific" because it was the most active volcano in Central America. El Salvador - Population Growth and Age Distribution. El Salvador is divided into 14 departments for local administration. El Salvador has 590 km of borders, including 391 km of borders with Honduras and 199 km with Guatemala. Beginning in 1931, El Salvador became ruled by a number of different military dictatorships which lasted until 1979. Most of Central America and the Caribbean Basin rests on the relatively motionless Caribbean Plate. It is bordered north and west by Guatemala, north and east by Honduras, and south and west by the Pacific Ocean. The country has over twenty volcanoes, although only two, San Miguel and Izalco, have been active in recent years. The bodies of water contain lots of Although hurricanes occasionally form in the Pacific, they seldom affect El Salvador, with the notable exception of Hurricane Mitch in 1998 (which actually formed over the Atlantic Basin) and Hurricane Emily in 1973. The highest point is Cerro El Pital, at 2,730 m. Maritime claims: By the time this air reaches El Salvador, it is dry, hot, and hazy. This country of many land forms is surprising people everyday with its natural beauty. The first Europeans to visit El Salvador were the Spanish. Geography Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador has Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras . Honduras is considered a developing nation and is … El Salvador borders the North Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, with Guatemala to the north-northwest and Honduras to the north-northeast. In El Salvador you plant most of your food, vegetables and fruit. Izalco has erupted at least 51 times since 1770. El Salvador has a long history of destructive earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. (8,124 sq. North of El Salvador, Mexico and most of Guatemala are riding on the westward-moving North American Plate that butts against the northern edge of the stationary Caribbean Plate in southern Guatemala. Pacific sunset at Salinitas beach Sonsonate, El Balsamar, La Libertad Department (El Salvador), El Sunzal beach in La Libertad, La Libertad. 25.23 km3 (2011). THE REPUBLIC of El Salvador is located on the PACIFIC OCEAN in Central America, between GUATEMALA and HONDURAS. The population density of El Salvador is 747 people per square mile or 288.5 people per square kilometer.

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