This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. They are not quite as sweet as European plums, though their flesh is much juicier. For best results, tree should be positioned in full sun and well-drained, acidic soil. Considered one of the finest dessert plum varieties, they were original imported into England from France in 1724 by Sir William Gage, their namesake. Plum trees fall into two main categories, European types such as and Japanese types (blood plums). Types of plums. Most plum trees thrive in loamy, well-drained soils that receive partial to full sun. Both self-pollinating and cross-pollinating varieties are available and exhibit very different characteristics. Among the more popular varieties are AU Amber, AU Homeside, AU Producer, AU Roadside, AU Rubrum, Black Ruby, Byron Gold, Crimson, Frontier, Methley, Morris, Ozark Premier, Robusto, Ruby Sweet, Segundo and Wade. Some plum tree varieties are self-pollinating, and some require another plum tree as a pollinator. On this page you will find lots of nice pictures of plum trees. A medium to large freestone plum, 'Stanley' is excellent for eating fresh, cooking, or canning. Each has its advantages. Choosing a Plum Tree. If you are wondering which plum tree varieties to choose for your area, seek out the information online, or head to a local garden centre or plant nursery near you, where staff will likely be happy to advise. Plums grow in a rainbow of jewel colors, having been grown and hybridized by orchardists for millennia from a variety of parent species. Plum trees are an excellent option for beginners as they need very little pruning and training compared to other fruit trees; and their tempting fruit is fantastic at encouraging wildlife into your garden.. Plums are packed full with nutrients that rival other superfoods such as blueberries, making them a healthy addition to your diet. Maturity Chart. Blaison Red is one of the best plum varieties for making plum jam. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. There are three major categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American hybrids. Plum Varieties There are tons of plum varieties to choose from. The Green Gage Plum tree, also known as the “Jefferson Plum,” produces medium-sized, greenish-yellow fruit that is notably sweet and juicy. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Buy Dwarf Plum Trees online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. The European plum is generally easier to grow than the Japanese because Japanese plum trees need more pruning and more fruit thinning. We stock popular as well as many harder to find varieties that produce delicious fruit. It's self-fertile and very productive. Semi-dwarf plums will produce 75 to 100 pounds of fruit each year. more_vert. If you live in an area with cold winters, consider an American hybrid plum variety (like the alderwood plum), some of which can do well in temperatures as cold, like those found in USDA hardiness zone 3.; If you live in an area with moderately cold winters, consider either an American hybrid or European plum variety. Moyer plums are large plums with a long oval shape and high sugar content. The breeders received the yellow subspecies of plums by crossing cultural plum and wild plum / turn. Plum Trees make delightful ornamental trees due to their white blossoms. (Harvest dates are approximate … Cream, ginseng, spicy, and salty are among the common varieties. Europeans tend to stay on the tree longer, and they last longer after they are picked. Standard trees produce 100 to 150 pounds of fruit each year. The plants are available commercially and can be pruned to a shrub shape or small tree. Plum & Prune Trees; Plums grow in a rainbow of jewel colors, having been grown and hybridized by orchardists for millennia from a variety of parent species. Learn how to grow and care for them and discover 6 common varieties. Though very winter hardy, American bush plums will produce well as far south as Florida. There are also varieties obtained as a result of artificial selection. There are two basic types of plum trees, the European plum and the Japanese plum, from which all other varieties are derived. The most popular plum trees are red plums such as Satsuma, a red plum with red flesh. Plum varieties are usually budded to peach rootstocks. Combining the hardiness of the native American trees with the flavor and size of the Japanese plums, American hybrids will often survive even under the harsh winter conditions of the northern plains and Canada. Plum tree is magnificent from spring to fall, and offers abundant harvests of plums.. Main Plum tree facts. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. Do you need to plant two plum trees for pollination? Most quince trees are hardy into Zone 5 (-20°F), but some varieties may tolerate the winter in Zone 4 (-30F). Most lack resistance to the diseases fire blight and quince rust. They are perfect for fresh eating, jams, jellies and preserves. As … Buy Dwarf Plum Trees online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. Spondias mombin, also known as yellow mombin or hog plum is a species of tree and flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae.It is native to the tropical Americas, including the West Indies.The tree was introduced by the Portuguese in South Asia in the beginning of the 17th century. Plum Trees. The choice of which fruit tree varieties to plant in a garden orchard depends on many factors in addition to personal preferences. Dwarf Plums will grow H 2.5m x W 1.5m They come from all over Europe, from cultures that have been valuing their unique flavors for … These, in turn, present different varieties of plums. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – March-April Harvest – July to September. Our Bare Root Plum Trees. Italian plums are similar to 'Stanley'. Continue to train plum trees during the first 5 years. The plum tree is a medium-sized tree which will reach 20 to 25 feet in height. They make delightful ornamental trees due to their mass display of white blossoms during August. Most Japanese varieties require a … Yellow plum, being a hybrid variety of garden plum, is grown almost similarly to its blue and red counterparts. The state’s warmer winters and humidity create growing problems for cultivars not specifically developed for Florida. Contact Us. Dwarf Plum - … Plum Tree Care. There are several varieties but the one almost exclusively grown in the UK is Mirabelle de Nancy. Peshawari Kala: These plum varieties are somewhat shy bearing but its fruits have a very good quality. A number of plum varieties have fruit with reddish or yellow-to-red skin. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > European Varieties European Varieties. In the Coastal Plain, use Nemaguard or Guardian rootstocks to resist root-knot nematodes. Home > Plants > Plum trees Varieties Plum trees Varieties Other Fruit Trees Variety Maturity Pollinator(s) Plum tree 'Mirabelle de Nancy' Small yellowy red fruits. These hybrids are often able to survive on the northern plains because of the unbroken, persistent cold, although they may not fare as well in other northern regions where warm spells frequently interrupt winter conditions. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. According to the Argentine Surveillance and Pest Monitoring System, the best known types are the European and Japanese plums. Where neither European nor Japanese plums will flourish, American hybrids will survive. Plum trees are susceptible to several stresses and insect and disease issues. Beach plums are very hardy and enjoy poor, sandy soils. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. Ornamental plum tree varieties attract birds and other wildlife that sample the trees' fragrant blooms and tasty fruits. Pickled plums are another type of preserve available in Asia and international specialty stores. Licorice is generally used to intensify the flavor of these plums and is used to make salty plum drinks and toppings for shaved ice or baobing. Lydecker – The Lydecker is a new variety of plum harvested the first week of September. Most Japanese plum varieties need a pollinator tree of a different type in order to set fruit. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Most will freely interpollinize. Availability. Plum trees are not very demanding trees to grow. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by skopjecollection and is called "Echinocactus grusonii fruits". As a naturally dwarf tree, quince trees require less space than most other fruit trees. Although they all bear the same basic type of fruit, their taste varies from tart and spicy, to sweet and perfumed. Plums, gages and damsons are all stone fruits that thrive in sheltered, warm gardens. There's also the hardy beach plum, or shore plum, which is found along the eastern shore from Maine to Delaware. Plum trees (Prunus sp. European plums also offer more leeway in cross -pollination planning. If you would like to view our European plum varieties listed in order of ripening please … The flowers on the trees are a beautiful shade of pink, red or white, and have a strong fragrance. European plums will grow where it's neither too cold nor too hot. These are extremely sweet plums that have dark burgundy to purple skin and juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. While all plums can be used for cooking there are varieties which are particularly suitable for various culinary uses. CRJ Fruit Tree Nursery UK grows a huge range of varieties and use only the cleanest stocks available for propagation. The fragrant red and white flowers covering the slopes create a picturesque scene, perhaps in part because the orchard was previously home to an artist’s studio. Plum Varieties Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties Search AC Nursery Maturity Chart Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. American hybrids look very promising in the Southeast where there are many disease problems. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. Climate plays a large role in determining which plum variety to plant. They bloom earlier than European plums, so they are more vulnerable to late frost damage. A fast grower, the plum tree has an upright form with a lovely rounded and dense canopy. These large, freestone purple plums are very sweet, perfect for drying, eating fresh, or canning. Plum Tree Yields Dwarf plums will produce 30 to 50 pounds of fruit each year. If you want help choosing the perfect fruiting Plum variety for your garden, please contact Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. Plum trees are not fruits Florida gardeners typically think of planting. ), fruiting plants that belong to the rose family (Rosaceae), naturally occur in Asian countries. All these have their uses, so the final choice is usually a personal one. Plum trees Denbigh Advice pages Fruit tree gardening Customer services Popular searches List of self-fertile apple varieties List of apple varieties which are good pollinators for other apples List of the best apple varieties for juicing Also, some native hybrids do well in the northern Midwest, where you can't grow any other plums because of freeze damage. This is valuable and The fruits are high quality and very uniform. (European plums classified as self-fertile may produce better crops when cross-pollination is provided.) Bullace - strictly a cooking plum. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3-5 years from planting out. Privacy Policy and Purple-leaf plum trees, also flowering plum trees or cherry plum trees, can add interest to your yard or garden with their dark red to purple foliage and abundance of white to light pink spring blossoms. Dwarf Plum - Mariposa If you live in a place where neither Japanese nor European plums will grow because of the climate or disease problems, American plums or bush plums may be your best bet. New Zealander's love to grow plum trees, not only do they look good in the garden they are easy to grow as long as you have a sunny well drained position. When it reaches maturity it can grow 15 feet tall, it needs full sun and is ready for harvesting in early September. Size of Tree: 15-20 feet high and wide. Plum trees that bear fruit produce small white flowers whereas flowering plum trees which do not produce fruit produce pink clusters of flowers The fruit is large, oblong, and purple, with good flavor for eating fresh. Some plum tree varieties perform well in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 to 8. If you are planting more than one tree and plan on establishing an orchard, standard sized growing plum trees should ideally be placed around 20-25 feet apart, and dwarf varieties should be spaced to around 10-15 feet. The plum is vigorous, large, yellow and red, egg shaped and for dessert use. On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Use fresh, canned, or dried into prunes. Many varieties are available. Plum Angelina Burdett (MB) An excellent, early eating, European plum with oval, medium sized dark bluish black fruit. For the home gardener, plums offer an additional bonus: the trees add a beautiful, graceful touch to any home landscape. These fruits are black in colour with thick skin. This plum variety is considered one of the best European plums for its shape and taste. Chums Are Cherry-Plum trees. The trees seem to be vigorous and can grow to 20ft. Grafted plum trees are capable of bearing large crops from 1 year after planting. Generally, Japanese plums don't set fruit well in regions with cold, damp springs. Moyer plums are a common purple plum and one of the most popular varieties. Some varieties such as 'President' require cross-pollination. Both self-pollinating and cross-pollinating varieties are available and exhibit very different characteristics. In addition to differences in climatic conditions in the various counties of the UK, there are many other factors which have a great influence on the health and well-being of the trees in order to do well. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms. Combining the virtues of both breeds, the fruits are as tasty as the Japanese plums and as hardy as our native plum species. Grafted plum trees are capable of bearing large crops from 1 year after planting. Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. American hybrid trees are a good choice for regional extremes. Plum trees come in both self-pollinating and cross-pollinating varieties. This Plum comes in such a variety of colors, shapes, sizes and flavors. Japanese plums actually originated in China but were brought to this country via Japan in the 1800s. It depends. Plum Varieties. It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. Prunus salicina – This is the Chinese plum. Traditional varieties such as Methley and Santa Rosa do well in higher chill regions and along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts (Zones 6-8). European Plum Trees We offer over 40 of the best European plums. The tree can be topped out at 7 or 8 foot These plums are usually a bit larger than most purple plums and they tend to … The fruit is delicious in preserves. We have over 25,000 bare root trees in stock! Purple leaf Plum tree is commonly known as cherry plum and myrobalan plum, this tree is now available in many hybrid varieties, the most popular being the Prunus Cerasifera Thundercloud, thanks to its exuberant reddish-purple foliage. Two varieties that are excellent for fresh eating and canning are 'Satsuma', a large, dark red, sweet plum, and 'Santa Rosa', a large plum with crimson skin and purple flesh that turns yellow near the skin. European plums will grow where it's neither too cold nor too hot. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its ripening season. Though several varieties of the ornamental plum are sold throughout the United States, most are grown for similar characteristics. Buy Plum Trees Cordons online is after all a sound financial investment that will reward for many years to come so it makes sense not only to select from a specialist nursery in fruit trees, but also to have the pleasure of choosing from the widest range possible. This tree is absolutely stunning when in full bloom and when its fruit ripens they are small, red and very delicious. The more delicate Japanese plums thrive where peach trees thrive. Plant on a hillside if possible for air-drainage, to reduce damage from late-season frosts. Learn how to grow and care for them and discover 6 common varieties. These cultivars do not receive adequate chilling hours. They generally spoil faster than European plums after harvest. This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. Purple-leaf plum trees, also flowering plum trees or cherry plum trees, can add interest to your yard or garden with their dark red to purple foliage and abundance of white to light pink spring blossoms. A wide selection of Victoria Plum trees offered for sale at Raintree Nursery. Since trees are self incompatible, Planting this with Titron may improve yield. Is the best pollinating plum! Terms of Service apply. They are more often self-fertile; one variety, or even one tree, can be planted alone and still bear fruit. Plum trees are very hardy, and many varieties can handle cold winters. Valton Is a zone 3 vigorous and very productive plum tree. Hardy to sunny areas in zones 5 to 8, Prunus cerasifera is a relatively short-lived, small tree, generally not reaching 25 feet high and wide. First, the plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic order not order of preference. European and Japanese will not cross-pollinate, as their pollen is incompatible. European plum trees are adapted to conditions throughout most of the United States. Prunus domestica – This is the European plum. Plums are a very reliable fruit and are delicious for jams or pies. European plum varieties Japanese plums varieties Cherry plums Plumcots Along with peaches and nectarines, plums are the defining fruit of the summer season. The other widely grown cultivar is Prunus Cerasifera Atropurpurea which also has vivid purple leaves. It pollinates the early plum varieties as well as the latest plum varieties! If you have the room you can grow several varieties that will provide delicious juicy fruit from December through to February. This wild plum, native to Canada will pollinate American plums and Asian plums. Fruits are 3/4 inch in diameter or larger, yellow or red, with a flat stone. It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. There are many different types and varieties of plums, which all come from the plum tree. In good soil plum trees will bear fruit in 3 … Flesh is firm, yellow green with a rich, sweet flavour. Relatively easy to root from … Japanese plums almost always require the presence of another Japanese, Japanese/ American hybrid, or American plum variety nearby in order to set fruit. It has a crown of 15 feet that comes to life every spring and winter. Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - best of all - eaten juicy fresh right off the tree. Combo European Plum Tree (4 varieties) This self-fertile, hardy tree on semi-dwarf rootstock will grow 12-15' tall and provide loads of red and purple fruit for canning, drying and fresh... View full details $49.99 Choose options from $32.99 . Select from one of Perth’s widest ranges of Plum trees. There are three different different types of plum trees … European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Height – 16 to 20 feet (5 to 6 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – rich enough. Some varieties are self pollinating others are not so be a little careful when selecting. They make delightful ornamental trees due to their mass display of white blossoms during August. 'Seneca' is a high-quality European plum that looks promising for the home gardener. Prunus americana, commonly called the American plum, wild plum, or Marshall's large yellow sweet plum, is a species of Prunus native to North America from Saskatchewan and Idaho south to New Mexico and east to Québec, Maine and Florida.. Prunus americana has often been planted outside its native range and sometimes escapes cultivation. Smyrna, Van Deman, Limon, and Pineapple are names of some quince varieties. We carry two main groups of plums: Japanese and European. In the rest of the state, use Lovell, Halford or Guardian rootstocks to reduce bacterial canker infection. in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). 'Stanley' is a versatile European plum that is widely adapted and particularly well suited to the eastern regions and some of the Northwest. Which variety of plum tree to plant depends partly on your location. Locally bought plum trees are far more likely to be suited to the particular conditions where you live. Japanese varieties are usually earlier blooming, fleshier, softer and juicier. It is almost impossible to recommend a particular variety from those described below because each person will have different needs and garden situations. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. European Plums. Spacing We provide only the highest quality plum trees in large pots, or bare root, ready to be planted straight into your garden. Plum & Prune Varieties Click to download this year's Plum & Prune Varieties. It matures about one week before 'Stanley'. The fruit is cherry sized yellow plums, masses of them, which are ready from mid August to early September depending on weather conditions. Plant in … We have over 150 varieties of bare root trees to choose from! Plum trees are one of the easiest stone fruit trees to grow, versatile and coming in a huge number of varieties you can choose white, yellow or red flesh as well as plum trees that suited to eating, drying or cooking. Plums are easy to grow. European plum varieties are usually self-fruitful, so you can grow a single tree and still get fruit. ... Continue to train plum trees during the first 5 years. Fruit Trees > Plum Trees > Plum Varieties European Varieties Japanese Varieties. European varieties are easy to grow, self pollinated, good for higher elevations and cold micro–climates, and well suited to processing. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Cooking plum trees. However plum tree varieties such as Santa Rosa, Mariposa, and Satsuma are all … Hardy European plums are the most widely planted plum across the United States. Saint Juliens Plum Tree; Plum Tree: Facts and Info on Plum Trees. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. Pruning should be designed to train the tree outward by removing strong branches growing into the center and removing water sprouts. Stanley Plum, a European variety that produces freestone fruits, does not require You will also find a lot of wonderful information on plum trees, including information about the plum tree species, planting information, and much more. Search AC Nursery. The trees are smaller than normal and very hardy, they are also ornamental. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. Plums are typically categorized by European, Japanese, hybrid and American types. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are … Plums are a type of stone fruit, which also includes peaches, nectarines, apricots, and cherries. Below is a list of our European plum variety offerings. Use this list to help choose fruit trees which yield fruit at different times throughout the season. These include acid varieties which are good for jam making and varieties which are very firm fleshed and can be used for tarts or drying. Name – Prunus domestica Family – Rosaceae Type – fruit tree. The plum tree is a medium-sized tree which will reach 20 to 25 feet in height. It has a crown of 15 feet that comes to life every spring and winter. Plum Tree, capable of bearing large crops from 1 year after planting. Ikegami Baien (Plum garden) Wander for a few minutes behind Ikegami Honmon-ji and you reach Ikegami Baien, a hillside plum orchard with around 370 plum trees of 30 different varieties.

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