In 2018 the cost of maize production reduced to KES 1,781 from KES 1,804 in 2017 largely on account of good rains and reduced pests and diseases. A plot of barley â 10 metres long by 2 metres in length â that […], Ann Muturi, a greenhouse farmer in Kenya’s Kiambu county, has a capsicum farming success story that will rekindle your hope in tomato & capsicum farming Successful Graduate Farmer Ann has won many hats in the past from being a student of math and chemistry at university level, an IT professional and an NGO practitioner to […]. When he talks about income versus cost from tomato farming, you can easily get carried away as he explains how you can make over a million shilling in profit from an acre of tomato in four month’s time. We also decided to do away with maize and replaced it with vegetables. Maize farming in Kenya – For business and Food. Maize Production in Kenya . ... Zai pits are pits are planting pits with a diameter of 20-40 cm and a depth of 10-20 cm, with application of manure, where up to nine maize seed are planted. However, planting in October may be feasible on vleis or when there is … ... Maize farmers in Kenya are required to ensure that their soils are well structured if they are to gain optimum yields. Spraying in the afternoon means you are wasting the pesticide because the fall armyworm will not feed on it and it may evaporate or dry out on the plant making it ineffective. Spacing is 90cm by 30cm. Pittchar, 1P. Cost of planting a line with sweet potato vines: Ksh.50. Maize in India is considered to be the third most important cereal crop after rice and wheat. Maize prices are higher in Kenya than Uganda, Tanzania & Rwanda making it profitable to sell to Kenya. Looking at the farm from a high vantage point and seeing its rolling beauty gave us a glimpse on why the smart telecommunications engineer would opt for a life on the farm as opposed to a fast paced career in the corporate world. While subsistence farmers may not be keen on having a business plan for each season of planting, commercial maize farming requires a detailed guide for success. One Marechera, 1G.Omanya, and 3M.Oluoch 1The African Agricultural Technology Foundation 2International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology Kenya. Maize is dry and ready for harvesting in most parts of the country by December. Garlic farming agribusiness is quite lucrative. We meet 24 year old Babuh on his parentsâ expansive 700 acre farm in Endebes town, Trans Nzoia County. About 15,0 kg of grain are produced for However, an acre of land can produce up to 4 bags each 90kg where a kilo of the grain goes at Sh100 in the local market. MAIZE PESTS. We sunk a borehole for irrigation and hired some labourers,” he says. As Sadique attests, embracing modern methods of farming through expert advice is how to reap maximum benefits and profits from your farm. This table shows the growing cost per tonne of dry matter for a range of yields per hectare. Maize Since time immemorial, maize, especially dry maize, has been Kenya’s staple food with almost every household in Kenya consuming it. For a more profitable maize farming, Cropnuts advised Sadique not just on the appropriate pesticide and fungicide but also on when these pesticides and fungicides needed to be sprayed. We meet 24 year old Babuh on his parents’ expansive 700 acre farm in Endebes town, Trans Nzoia County. “We planted more bananas and pawpaw. âCropNuts came in and showed us what we were doing wrong and they helped us correct it,â Sadique said. The other challenge on the farm was pests especially the fall armyworm and fungal disease (rust) which were contained by spraying the appropriate pesticides and fungicides. Apply 12.5 tons of organic manure 30 days before planting. With the twofold problem of food insecurity and declining soil fertility in mind, this report provides an insight into the real costs of an agricultural system that focuses on maize as the only crop, and offers concrete solutions to mitigate these costs. Not having a proper calendar of activities may mean that you might spray in the afternoon on alternative days. The central … An acre will have anywhere from 80 to 110 lines depending on your spacing. Weeds which were a major problem on the farm were contained by spraying an appropriate herbicide and manually removing the weeds. Maize is the main staple food of over 85 per cent of the population in Kenya.The per capital consumption ranges between 98 to 100 kilograms which translates to at least 2700 thousand metric tonnes Annualy. Seed treatment should be done if necessary. The challenge of low plant population was solved by ensuring that the farm machinery (planter) was calibrated correctly. Ndwiga, 2J. Mr Wakaba has built two water tanks with a volume of 70,000 and 30,000 litres and installed an automatic drip irrigation system. Ploughing cost would be Ksh.1500 an acre, Ksh.1200 for harrowing, Ksh.2000 fertilizer, Ksh.3000 for chemicals, and Ksh.1500 for harvesting costs. Through a maize growing budget for one acre, I will demonstrate that to produce 60 bags, a farmer would require to spend Ksh 59,094 and hence a production cost per bag of Ksh 984. They also decrease the soilâs health by depleting minerals from it. Plant using Phosphorus fertilizers It ensures all farm resources are well utilized, reduces wastage and unnecessary expenses and increases yields. Cost of vines for an acre: Ksh.22,500 to Ksh.30,000. Thank you for your email. Hay farming (Boma Rodhes Hay) has slowly risen to be a very profitable business in Kenya. Kenya remains a high cost production country with declining productivity across key staples foods. His coffee yields were âstuckâ because of the âlaw of minimumâ […], Barley farming in Kenya is setting new yield records as witnessed in various barley trials conducted in Timau, Meru County. Double cobbing fast maturing maize varieties is the solution to the current harsh climate. The top soil is mixed with farm yard manure at a ratio of 4:1 ZAI PITS DIMENSIONS AND LAY OUT: While growing Maize in Zai pits, a one acre of hay will give you 200-250 bales per season. Crop Nutrition Laboratory Services, Limuru, off Limuru road, With all these challenges, the farm only managed to harvest 6 bags per acre in 2016. which gives plant population of 16000 at 9 plants per hole. Fall armyworm control requires that you spray early morning or late evening when fall armyworm larvae comes out to feed. Maize in Kenya is planted by small and large-scale farmers alike. Maize Farming Success Story. A line costs Ksh.50. So, for total 8 kilograms it costs around Rs.3200. “Shortage of rains has been an issue in this region; therefore, many avoided farming. We offer wide range, state of the art tests in Agriculturalâ¦, Best Technical off Farm and On Farm Advice on soilâ¦, We offer wide range of technologies and techniquesâ¦, Articles on crop disease, protection, soil scienceâ¦, Plants balance nutrition with a healthy dose of macronutrientsâ¦, Handy videos about crop trials, crop protection and best farmingâ¦, Real stories, real farmers success with a little help from Cropnutsâ¦, Cropnuts help desk. Bulb onion farming in Kenya made simple Planning for such costs would work excellently for you. plants. i Integrated Striga Management in Africa Project Constraints and Opportunities of Maize Production in Western Kenya A baseline assessment of Striga extent, severity, and control technologies 1J. by john masinde wanjala a research project submitted in partial fulfilment as a requirement for the award ofmaster of arts degree in project planning and management of the university of nairobi. Spacing from hole to hole is 75cm. In the highland and medium areas where the soils are well-drained sandy-loam soils, planting depth of 2 to 3 cm is optimal, as deep seed placement retards germination and emergence of maize seedlings. plant a double cobbing or a variety which bears 2 cobs or more per plant you get at least, 16,000 big cobs and about 11,000 small cobs.When you sell at wholesale price to traders,your returns are as below:-. Nyagol, 1G. Get best agronomy articles, curated content, future issues of AgriTech, case studies, and best practices sent directly to your inbox. In 2017 however, the story was different and they recorded a tremendous increase in the harvest and continue to do so. The total average production of maize is estimated to be around 2.5 metric tonnes per hectare annually. This will then lead to using pesticides for longer whereas if you had a calendar of activities based on expert advice, you will have better results with less pesticides saving you money. Kenya Seed Company: Popular varieties from the company for medium altitude zones include: H624, H524, H525, and H526. Make over Ksh 70, 000 from 1 acre green maize in Kenya, Earn a million in 6 months by growing an acre of garlic herb in Kenya, Make 1million in three months from Growing Chilli / Sweet pepper / Capsicum in Kenya, Small Scale Broiler Chicken Business Plan, Growing cabbages in Kenya for wealth and employment creation (Brassica oleraceae), Growing Tree Tomato plants (tamarillo) in Kenya, Earn a Million in 10 months from dairy farming in Kenya, Make Ksh 500,000 per acre in 3 months from Water melon Fruit growing in Kenya, Passion Fruit Farming Makes Millionaires in Kenya, DOUBLE COBBING FAST MATURING DROUGHT TOLERANT MAIZE. Thank you for signing up for our newsletter. Cost of land preparation: Cost of planting an acre at Ksh.50 per line is Ksh.4000 to Ksh.5500. While some farmers prefer to sell the green maize, others prefer to wait for it to dry. Â© Copyright 2020 - Crop Nutrition Laboratory Services Ltd. How Stephen Tripled His Coffee Yield From 2 to 6 Tons, How We Achieved Massive 11.84 ton/ha Barley Yield, How I Improved Maize Yield From 6 To 32 bags Per Acre, Capsicum & Tomato Greenhouse Farming: Lucy’s Success Story, Soil Mapping for Smart Fertilizer Blending. Maize planted in April is green and ready by mid-September. Garlic herb is a relative of bulb onions. Table 1: Growing cost ($) per tonne of dry matter . You may Grow food security and ensuring decent lives for farmers. Maize silage cost per MJME assumes a maize silage energy content of 10.8 MJME/kgDM. selling maize silage and the price risks that are associated with yield. Currently, the production has increased and it is estimated that India exports around 7 lakh metric ton… Fertilizer application. As a guide, the approximate fixed and variable costs to grow maize for grain are shown in this table. Broiler Chicken production is one of the mos... Cabbage is one of the most popular vegetables grown for cooking and use in salads in Kenya . The plant’s scientific name is Brass... TREE TOMATO FARMING MANUAL IS NOW AVAILABLE DUE TO PUBLIC DEMAND. Profitable maize farming in Kenya is becoming a reality for most farmers who are readily taking up new technologies to help them to drastically improve yield. Apply 100kg/ha DAP during planting, 200kg/ha CAN/urea during topdressing in two splits. The rain fed crop is normally harvested in A... P urple Passion F ruit Passions fruits are perennial plants and the vine has a lifespan of about 5-7 years. Low plant population leads to various things. Weeds are also a host for pests. Fill in your details below and one of our representatives will get in touch with you. TECHNOLOGY Maize for Grain Economics The economics of growing maize for grain are dependent on growing costs, crop yield and the price received per tonne of grain ($/tonne). âI love it here,â he says as he gives us a tour of the farm. Graduate Farmer Send an email June 30, 2015. The optimum temperatures for growth are 15ÂºC-25 ÂºC. determinants of maize yields among small scale farmers in trans nzoia west sub county, trans-nzoia, kenya. fertilizers. Profitable maize farming in Kenya is becoming a reality for most farmers who are readily taking up new technologies to help them to drastically improve yield. Sunbelt farm went through a very difficult time where they were making losses and Sadique advised that they hire experts to help them navigate their challenges. This tackled the problem of poor crop nutrition and the crops improved by becoming green, big and healthy. Approximately 8,0 million tons of maize grain are produced in South Africa annually on approximately 3,1 million ha of land. Having a calendar of activities is another hallmark of profitable maize farming in Kenya. Some of the challenges they faced were low plant population, weed pressure, pests, fungal disease, wrong timing of farm activities and poor crop nutrition. This also leads to an overgrowth of weeds because you end up putting fertilizer on weeds. He used to harvest 2500 kilos of coffee from his trees. P.O. maize production versus sustainable maize production systems in Zambia’s Central Province. Propagation and planting. The pit conserves moisture for … double cobbing maize varieties in zai pits in dry season for maximum profit. A farmer from Kirinyaga County has resorted to green maize cultivation earning about Sh100,000 gross profit per season which is four times higher as compared to growing the crop for dry grains, a venture he abandoned a year ago. Trials are a huge part of making progress in farming, and back in September 2018 we harvested something truly special. Box 66437-00800 Nairobi â Kenya. On this same note, Cropnuts created a calendar of activities for the farm advising them on when to conduct various farming activities such as spraying as mentioned above, when to plant, when to plough, when to apply fertilizer etc. We will get back to you shortly. What is the expected yield of maize per acre in Yatta region of Kenya? Maali says the cost varies from farmer to farmer depending on many factors including labour, source of inputs and the technology used among others. 6) Greenhouse farming Harrow the field to a fine tilth desirable for baby corn production. The low night temper... A broiler is a type of chicken raised specifically for meat production. An example of how a farmer can increase their costs because of not having a proper calendar of activities based on expertise is for example when fighting fall armyworm. Infestation and damage by pests have been ranked as the third most important constraint upon maize production in semi-arid eastern Kenya after moisture stress and poor soil fertility (Songa et al., 2002). The total production cost of maize in Kenya is a quarter of the total produce, meaning, the net income is Sh80,000 per acre. This is because spraying at the wrong time leads to wastage and ineffectiveness combating the fall armyworm. Cost-Profit Analysis . Maize needs 450 to 600 mm of water per season, which is mainly acquired from the soil moisture reserves. The sunny weather is perfect since maize can rot and grow toxic molds when exposed to moisture. Manure ratio can be reduced while growing maize in zai This kind of cost of production per bag therefore sets the farmer free to sell the maize … Maize (corn) yatta. for early crop root establishment.Email email@example.com to place your order. While the Youth Agro-environmental Initiative has made every effort to ensure that this material is accurate and up-to-date, you should exercise your own independent skill and judgment when using it. Cost of Weeding an Acre. Lets do the math. Planting fertilizer kg/acre 100 75 Top dress fertilizer kg/acre 100 150 Level of commercialization 93% 96% The appropriate planting depth varies from 2 to 10 cm, depending on the weather conditions and the moisture status of the soil. If I told you a smallholder coffee farmer could triple their coffee yields with lower fertilizer costs than before, what would you say? square hole measuring 75 x 75 x 30 (cm) will accommodates nine maize This definitely means that a farmer will earn Sh18,000 from just one acre … Kennedy Njoroge early last year grew maize in his acre piece of plot in … Regular dried maize is retailing at KSh 40 per kilogram, wholesale price is KSh 37 per kilogram, with a 90kg bag selling at KSh 3,300. One of them being missed targets in regards to crop yields, wasting fertilizer in the case where fertilizer is fed mechanically because the machine puts fertilizer where there are no seeds. In India, the major maize growing states are Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Improved crop nutrition led to increased yields. The intervention by CropNuts led the farm to harvest 32 bags per acre from a meagre 6 bags per acre. When you You are able to alter the yield range in this table. With the increase of zero grazing dairy farms, hay farming profit per acre as been increasing over the years. Search the knowledge baseâ¦, Latest news about Cropnuts, learn of upcoming events, trainingsâ¦. You should also seek professional advice relevant to your own circumstances. The value of pasture lost during the maize growing season has not been considered in the calculation of the maize silage drymatter cost. The amount of pasture lost during the maize growing season will vary between paddocks, farms and districts. 2016 i laboratory analytics and expert agricultural advice in Africa. In gross margin analysis for maize production for one acre of land in Kenya, a farmer can harvest a total of 30-60 bags, if the crop husbandry was achieved effectively. Cropnuts (or Crop Nutrition Laboratory Services Ltd) is a private company that offers Market price of one bag of maize in Kenya, $30 equivalent to ksh3000. acre will accommodate 1778 planting pits each measuring 75 x 75 x cm This is Stephen, a smallholder coffee farmer from Central Kenya. One acre will accommodate 1778 planting pits each measuring 75 x 75 x cm which gives plant population of 16000 at 9 plants per hole. Highest yields are obtained with October plantings, but these can usually only be sustained with irrigation (ie irrigation to establish crop). Weeds lead to a decrease in yields because they compete with the crop for much needed nutrients. The first step to Babuâs profitable maize farming as advised by CropNuts was to conduct a soil test â which gave an analysis of what the soil lacked and what inputs were needed to correct and improve the soil. The Youth Agro-environmental Initiative cannot be held liable for any error, loss or other consequences which may arise from you relying on the information provided here. According to National Farmers Information Service (NAFIS), a kilo of groundnuts currently retails at Sh150. Cost of Planting. Half of the production consists of white maize, for human food consumption. Cost of one kilogram maize is Rs.400. Important maize planting tips: In order to get a good maize crop, ... they lose an average of 2½ bags of maize per acre per week. When you plant a double cobbing or a variety which bears 2 cobs or more per plant you get at least 16,000 big cobs and about 11,000 small cobs.When you sell at wholesale price to traders,your returns are as below:- pits in Kenya depending on soil quality, and use of artificial A farmer growing groundnuts on the other side is likely to harvest up to 2 tonnes per acre. Swanky offices, executive boardrooms, luxury cars on urban roads, freshly pressed suits and all other trappings of a successful career in the conventional corporate world is what Sadique Babuh traded for a simple life on the farm. He says he has permanent farm workers and this helps him save some money. Sunbelt farm as itâs called is a great example of maize farming success story in Kenya. and returned. You will begin receiving notifications. Cost of Production for Maize & Rice in Kenya, 2017 Presented by Tim Njagi Fairveiw Hotel, 5th October, 2017 . The passion plant is a climber; this means there can be creative ways of maximizing on the little space you have. Other Maize hybrid varities; Cost of cultivation for 1-acre Maize cultivation Cost of seed material: Around 8 kilograms seeds are required for one acre maize cultivation. How to get optimum Maize yield per acre. Mr Ibeere insured an acre of maize at Sh1,000 and got a Sh7, 500 compensation. To learn more about our yield-enhancing farm advisory services, please click the “Agronomy services” link below: Order our services and get to know how to improve your soil for better yeilds. According to Food and Agriculture Organization records, at the farm level dairy activities are estimated to generate, for eve... Make Ksh 25,500 per month from 200 quail’s only Quail Returns are quite impressive at a price of Ksh10 per e... Water melons are delicious red fleshed refreshing fruits commonly eaten as desserts. Successful maize farming in this case means abandoning traditional methods of thinking around farming and allowing experts who understand the science of farming to handle your agricultural needs. Every year many maize farmers suffer getting losses due to one problem or the other. Maize farming is very easy and it’s not labour intensive.Further more One acre of garlic will yield about 7 to... Capsicum performs well under irrigated conditions. The soil test also gave recommendations on what fertilizers they needed to use. EFFICIENCY: The right maize variety must be planted to green maize has good demand everywhere during the dry season. Kenya’s Ministry of Agriculture reported a price of KSh […] Maize is a primary staple for 96 per cent of Kenyans, and over 75 per cent of total maize output is produced by smallholder farmers. Propagated through seeds, seed rate is 28kg per hectare. Musyoka, 2D. 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Afternoon on alternative days to alter the yield, as shown in this table Brass... TREE farming... For baby corn production great example of maize in Kenya – for business and Food maize in is... Price of one bag of maize at Sh1,000 and got a Sh7, compensation. Slowly risen to be a very profitable business in Kenya – for business and Food most important cereal after... A kilo of groundnuts currently retails at Sh150 space you have and large-scale farmers alike business! An issue in this region ; therefore, many avoided farming of garlic yield. Yields are obtained with October plantings, but these can usually only be sustained irrigation... Of making progress in farming, and best practices sent directly to your own circumstances 7. Population was solved by ensuring that the farm to harvest 2500 kilos of coffee from his trees Cropnuts led farm. And replaced it with vegetables mm of water per season content of 10.8 MJME/kgDM the.... They needed to use maize varieties in zai pits in Kenya made simple Planning such.
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