Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. … Cinnamon is separated into two main categories: cassia cinnamon and Ceylon cinnamon. The inner bark of the branches is loosened by being rubbed with a brass rod, then split with a brass or stainless steel knife, and then peeled off, as intact as possible. They are extremely abundant in trout streams and their life cycle specifics make them very vulnerable to trout. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! [3] Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. The most Cinamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Botanical Name: Cuminum Cyminum L. Family: Apiaceae . Scientific Name: Cinnamomum zeylanicum. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis the scientific name, which refers to the specific species of tree that cinnamon is harvested from. Later it was the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade. Cinnamon leaf oil, which we sell, has a warm, spicy musky smell and the oil's color varies from yellow for the leaf oil and red-brown for the bark oil, which is not usually used in aromatherapy. 1 Introduction. Evidence is lacking to support the use of cinnamon in the management of diabetes… Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The most Cinnamon families were found in the USA in 1880. Cinnamon was once more valuable than gold. You can see how Cinamon families moved over time by selecting different census years. [7], There are several different cultivars of Cinnamomum verum based on the taste of bark:[8]. Ixobrychus cinnamomeus. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Part Used: Bark. Cinnamon contains 0.5 to 1 percent essential oil, the principal component of which is cinnamic aldehyde. In this article, learn about what the research says and get some tips on using cinnamon. In processing, the shoots are first scraped with a semicircular blade and then rubbed with a brass rod to loosen the bark, which is split with a knife and peeled. This was 100% of all the recorded Cinamon's in the USA. [4], The old botanical synonym for the tree, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, is derived from Sri Lanka's former name, Ceylon. ( Gmelin, 1789) The cinnamon bittern or chestnut bittern ( Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) is a small Old World bittern, breeding in tropical and subtropical Asia from India east to China and Indonesia. While part of the Cassia Cinnamon family it tends to be more pungent, less sweet and slightly bitter. Cinnamon is a popular spice in the United States and Europe, and it may have health benefits. Etymology : The name of the genus Cinnamomum comes from the Greek “Kinnamomon”. The thick simple leaves have smooth margins and are usually oval; the veins are roughly parallel to each other. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Piperaceae. Plant part used: Dried fruit & Seed. There are many types of cinnamon. Twigs, leaves & berries (seeds) are crushed and make cinnamon oil, a less valuable byproduct. The grower harvests the main crop in the wet season, cutting the shoots close to the ground. It is believed that it is derived from cina , referring to China, which is where cinnamon was formerly imported; and amomos, which means cardamom , a plant of the ginger family, with a cinnamon-like odor. A.T. Mbaveng, V. Kuete, in Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. Finally, the dried bark is cut into sticks or ground into powder for sale to consumers. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum that is used in both sweet and savoury foods. Fact Sheet 1 Fact Sheet 2 Chapter from “Thirty Plants That Can Save Your Life” Fact Sheet 1. Young leaves are red and mature to a deep green. In Japan it is used to stimulate digestion and general vitality. [5] Sri Lanka still produces 80–90%[6] of the world's supply of C. verum, which is also cultivated on a commercial scale in the Seychelles and Madagascar. The fruit is a dark drupe. Individuals vary greatly in their olfactory sensitivity and in their chemosensory and cultural backgrounds, with the result that the use of additional flavours in foods is highly idiosyncratic. Cinnamomum verum (Ceylon cinnamon) and Cinnamomum aromaticum (Cassia cinnamon or Chinese cinnamon) are commonly used. This is the most important caddisfly family for anglers. Ardeidae. After four or five days of drying, the quills are rolled on a board to tighten the filling and then placed in subdued sunlight for further drying. Leaves and flower clusters of a cinnamon tree (. (cinnamon) is one of the species belonging to the Lauraceae (laurel family). Omissions? The small bisexual flowers are greenish to yellow and are borne in clusters. Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum), grown primarily in Sri Lanka, is known as “true” cinnamon.Cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum), grown in southeastern Asia, is the most common type sold in North America.Used as a spice for thousands of years, cinnamon comes from the bark of various species of cinnamon trees. The cinnamon tree grows in moist well-drained soils and rarely reaches more than 15 metres (49 feet) in height. Cinnamon is used to flavour a variety of foods, from confections to curries to beverages, and is popular in bakery goods in many places. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Cinnamon and Cassia are the two oldest known spices of the genus Cinnamonum used by mankind and are the only commercially important ones. Genus: Ixobrychus. …production, and the taste of cinnamon increases peristalsis in the gut. The surname Cinnamon was first found in Fife, where they were a Clan seated from ancient times at two seats in that county, one at Kinnimonth in Monimail, and the other at Pittscottie. Uses: 1. Cinnamomum verum,[2] called true cinnamon tree or Ceylon cinnamon tree, is a small evergreen tree belonging to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka. In many cases, the cinnamon spice purchased in food stores contains a combination of these different types of cinnamon. This was about 33% of all the recorded Cinnamon's in the USA. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. Common Name: Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Other Names: Cassia. The outer bark is removed, and made into mulch. CEYLON CINNAMON Information on cinnamon trees. Cinnamon is the name for a dozen of species of trees and the commercial spice products that some of them produce, belonging to the genus Cinnamomum in the family Lauraceae. Cassia is frequently sold as a type of cinnamon, but is actually a member of the pea family. They are first harvested at 3 years old, and continue producing well for 40-50 years. The spice, consisting of the dried inner bark, is brown in colour and has a delicately fragrant aroma and a warm sweet flavour. Essential oil is distilled from the bark fragments for use in food, liqueur, perfume, and drugs. Fruit. Long, full 'quills' of cinnamon are more valuable than broken pieces. The Cinamon family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1840 and 1920. Gut Distress. Species: I. cinnamomeus. Its botanical name derives from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant.Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process. Cinnamon Scientific Name: Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Cinnamon: Facts about the Cinnamon Tree Species. Cinnamon Origin and History . Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Various related species are also cultivated as a source of cinnamon spice, including Chinese cassia (Cinnamomum cassia), Vietnamese, or Saigon, cinnamon (C. loureiroi), Indonesian cinnamon (C. burmannii), and Malabar cinnamon (C. citriodorum). NOW 50% OFF! This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/cinnamon, The World's Healthiest Foods - Cinnamon, ground, Healthline - 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Cinnamon, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubMed Central - Cinnamon: A Multifaceted Medicinal Plant. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The flowers, which are arranged in panicles, have a greenish color and a distinct odor. The viscosity is medium to watery. In 1840 there was 1 Cinamon family living in New York. Cinnamon, (Cinnamomum verum), also called Ceylon cinnamon, bushy evergreen tree of the laurel family (Lauraceae) and the spice derived from its bark. Updates? Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Overview of cinnamon, with a focus on its production in Sri Lanka. It is carminative, stimulant and is used in medicines as well. The peels are telescoped one into another, forming a quill about 107 cm (42 inches) long and filled with trimmings of the same quality bark to maintain a cylindrical shape. The clan also branched to what is now Kinmouth in Banff, and to Kinmont in Annandale, whence they became associated with the Armstrongs of the Debateable Land. They are consumed as cooked starchy vegetables. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Cinnamon is used as a spice and aromatic. Family: Lauraceae. Cinnamon (Cinnamonum zeylanicum Blume) is the “true cinnamon” of commerce. Hydropsyche is the best-known and most important genus in the family but Cheumatopsyche has some significant hatches as well. Family Name: Lauraceae. The leaves are ovate-oblong in shape and 7–18 cm (3–7 inches) long. ", "International trade in non-wood forest products: An overview", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cinnamomum_verum&oldid=968998765, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 July 2020, at 19:46. The scientific name of Cinnamon is the botanical name or formal name. All this work is done by hand by experienced workers; this is the most expensive part of producing cinnamon spice. Finally, they are bleached with sulfur dioxide and sorted into grades. Family: Osmundaceae – Royal Fern family Genus: Osmunda L. – osmunda Species: Osmunda cinnamomea L. – cinnamon fern A very important ingredient of curry and curry powder. Small side branches (1.5-5 cm in diameter) are removed from the trees. Scientific Name: Swertia Japonica. The bark is peeled and dried and is often ground into powder, but is also used … Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Traditionally, the bark or oil has been used to combat microorganisms, diarrhea, and other GI disorders, and dysmenorrhea, although there is limited data to support these uses. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India , and Myanmar (Burma) and is … In Egypt it was sought for embalming and religious practices. In…. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Canela. Most Chinese Cinnamon probably stays in China, used in many of the Chinese medications for coughs, phlegm and other illnesses. Although the inner bark of several other Cinnamomum species is also used to make cinnamon, cinnamon from C. verum is considered by culinarians to be of superior quality. Bark, powder and dried flowers from Cinnamomum verum plant, Pani Kurundu (පැණි කුරුඳු), Pat Kurundu (පත් කුරුඳු), Mapat Kurundu (මාපත් කුරුඳු), Ten Lavangapattai (தேன் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Karamana lavangapattai (காரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Taramana Lavangapattai (தரமான இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Juci Milakay Lavangapattai (ஜூசி மிளகாய் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Vettappattatu Lavangapattai (வெட்டப்பட்டது இலவங்கப்பட்டை), Manyal Nira Lavangapattai (மஞ்சள் நிற இலவங்கப்பட்டை, Piris Lavangapattai (பீரிஸ் இலவங்கப்பட்டை), "Cinnamomum verum J.Presl — The Plant List", Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon, Ceylon Cinnamon Tree PFAF Plant Database, "True cinnamon is pricey, but is there an honest difference? Uses: Digestive, circulation, blood deficiencies, fever, pain killer, infection fighter. Cinnamon. There are many other similar trees that belong to the same family, Lauraceae (Click hereto look at other organisms in this family). Cinnamomum verum trees are 10–15 metres (30–50 feet) tall. Piper nigrum L…. Description Cinnamon is an aromatic spice that comes from the bark of a Southeast Asian tree. These quills are then dried over several days, in the shade, then in darkness. Cinnamomum zeylanicumis a small, tropical, evergreen tree most noted for its bark, which provides the world with the commonly known spice, cinnamon. It can grow up to 20 m (66 ft) tall. Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon), the neighbouring Malabar Coast of India, and Myanmar (Burma) and is also cultivated in South America and the West Indies. Use it like you would traditional cinnamon. History Cinnamon was one of the first trade spices of the ancient world. The fruit is a purple 1-cm drupe containing a single seed. Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods. 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