The Torah Scroll of the Samaritans use an alphabet that is very different from the one used on Jewish Torah Scrolls. : The Phoenicians were the late Canaanites of the first millennium B.C.E. 'Aleph ( aw'-lef ): In English, it is, at times passed over silently " ' ", the ancient letter looks like an A on its side. According to the Samaritans themselves and Hebrew scholars, this alphabet is the original "Old Hebrew" alphabet, also called "Paleo-Hebrew.". Did the Carthaginians Really Practice Infant Sacrifice? *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In autumn and winter it is damp, rainy and mild. Although the Phoenicians used cuneiform (Mesopotamian writing) in what we call Ugaritic, they also produced a script of their own. Phoenician, one of a people of ancient Phoenicia. The Phoenicians lived north of the land of Israel centered around the Biblical cities of Sidon and Tyre, in modern day Lebanon, between the 16th and 3rd Century BC. In its time Phoenicia was known as Canaan & is the land referenced in the Hebrew Scriptures. This earliest form of Hebrew could have spread throughout the region and developed into what is now called Phoenician and Paleo-hebrew. Stern explains: The heartland of Phoenicia was subjugated in turn by the Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian and Hellenistic empires, but their western colonies continued to enjoy autonomy until the second century B.C.E. Phoenician - Ancient Hebrew dictionary online at Glosbe, free. There are two forms of the Hebrew language that you should study and use. The Phoenician language was spoken in ancient times on the coast of Syria and Palestine in Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, and neighbouring towns and in other areas of the Mediterranean colonized by Phoenicians. At Carmel, Elijah the Phoenician Hebrew prophet stood against 850 heathen prophets and defeated them (1 Kings 18). The naming of children had a significance in the Ancient Near East that is difficult to understand nowadays. English, Phoenician and Arabic are derived directly from Hebrew. “The known enterprise of the Phoenician race, and this ancient knowledge of America, so variously expressed, strongly encourage the hypothesis that the people called Phoenicians came to this continent, established colonies in the region where ruined cities are found, and filled it with civilized life. Rated 0 out of 5 I am Phonetician thru my Mother- genetically. Pheonician anecestry is linked to Assyrians, hence the neo-aramaic language spoken, same look/dna, and the Christian roots in Lebanon/Syria linking the people. Old Hebrew, like the Phoenician alphabet, is a slight regional variant and an immediate continuation of the Proto-Canaanite script, which … And as these ancient Aegeans in the 2nd Mill. The Phoenician and Punic Civilization, EJ Brill, New York, 1995. To learn more about the Phoenician empire, read Ephraim Stern’s article “Phoenicia and Its Special Relationship with Israel” in the November/December 2017 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. (Note: although it is a generalized term, we do not use the … Sign up to receive our email newsletter and never miss an update. The ancient Hebrew alphabet is called Phoenician or Paleo Hebrew. זקן עברית (Zaqan = Ancient; Ibaryath= Hebrew language) Ancient Phoenician Proto/Paleo/ Script/Ancient Hebrew/Assyrian/Ezra Scritp Classification. Around 1200 B.C.E., they were forced out of these countries by the Arameans and the Neo-Hittites in the north, the Israelites and the Sea Peoples (Philistines, Sikils and Sherden, etc.) Rated 0 out of 5 $ 39.99 excluding sales tax Add to cart. Could the earliest forms of the alphabet (Proto-Sinaitic and Proto-Canaanite) just as easily be considered as “Proto-Hebrew,” and was it this early form of Hebrew that was the world’s first true alphabet? Biblical Archaeology Review tablet edition: Stay on top of the latest research! The Phoenicians are descendants of the Canaanites who around 1200 BCE were cut off from the interior of Syria and Palestine by the invasion of the 'Peoples of the Sea'. Required fields are marked *. Resources include the history of the Ancient Hebrew alphabet, Paleo-Hebrew inscriptions, dictionaries and lexicons, translations, root word studies, learn Biblical Hebrew courses and much more. And the Library is fully searchable by topic, author, title and keyword, as well as the Special Collections like this one. However, during the Babylonian captivity, the Jews adopted the Aramaic square script. Hebrew is the world’s Oldest Alphabet Hebrew is the Mother Alphabet of all other languages. By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. When we compare the letters of these three alphabets, we can see this similarity. Sidon and Tyre were both cities in the territory of the tribe of Asher. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Northwest Semitic, Canaanite.Phoenician was quite closely related to other Canaanite languages (Moabite, Ammonite, Edomite and Hebrew).. Overview. Books Deuteronomy Chapter 28 Volume 2 (verses 1-14) Rated 0 out of 5 $ 69.99 excluding sales tax Add to cart. This is the letter beyt in the Old Hebrew alphabet, the Samaritan alphabet and the Phoenician alphabet. They were merchants, traders, and colonizers who probably arrived from the Persian Gulf about 3000 bce. This includes: gaml "throwing stick" to gimel "camel" digg "fish" to dalet "door" hll "jubilation" to he "window" ziqq "manacle" to zayin "weapon" naḥš "snake" to … While paleo-Hebrew continued to be used by the Jews into the first century A.D. on a limited basis, it was the Aramaic square script that was most predominately used to write Hebrew and this is the script used in most scrolls found in the Dead Sea caves. For the origin of this alphabet and other alphabets, see the Phoenician alphabet origin discussion on this website. There are only a few in the world who are…. Phoenician is very close to Hebrew and Moabite, with which it forms the Canaanite subgroup of the Northern Central Semitic languages. BC were known to have traded with & colonized parts of the eastern Med. Over the centuries, these ancient Greek letters evolved into their Modern Greek forms. The earliest Phoenician inscription probably dates from the 11th century bce; the latest inscription from Phoenicia proper is from the 1st century bce, when the language was already being superseded by Aramaic. Find Free Themes and plugins. (Iron Age through Roman period), descendants of the Canaanites of the second millennium B.C.E. This chart of the Phoenician alphabet reveals details of the letters used by these ancient sea-merchants. Asherah and the Asherim: Goddess or Cult Symbol? This word Tsalagi is almost identical to the real pronunciation of the ancient Central Asian Phoenician nation we mistakenly call "Cilicia." Phoenician (Hebrew: פיניקית) was a Northern Semitic language which originated in about the 11th century B.C.E in Lebannon, Syria and Israel, an area then known as Pūt, Canaan or Phoenicia. The Phoenician language was very similar to classical Hebrew, and they wrote using the same alphabet. Any true Christian in Lebanon is of Assyrian blood or Armenian blood. Even as far back as 1691, this connection between the Samaritan and the "Old" Hebrew alphabets was made by Henry Dodwell; "[the Samaritans] still preserve [the Pentateuch] in the Old Hebrew characters." They are closely related to Jews and to those Palestinians who were living in the land when the Zionists began to settle it. Jul 15, 2016 - Teach our Brothers and Sisters the Ancient Hebrew of their forefathers. The first major discovery connecting the Phoenician alphabet and language with Hebrew occurred on January 19th, 1855, when Turkish laborers accidently uncovered an ancient sarcophagus in Sidon, a Phoenician city. While Hebrew is usually written from right to left, Greek was written left to right and the orientation of the letters were reversed from the Old Hebrew. The Phoenicians’ commercial empire was brought to an end by the Romans who came into conflict with the Phoenicians—whom they described as “Punics”—in a series of wars that became known as the Punic Wars. May 6, 2015 - Teach our Brothers and Sisters the Ancient Hebrew of their forefathers. In fact, there is evidence from ancient literature that Phoenicians were actually Israelite, even if they did not practice monotheism in ancient times, but instead worshipped the ancient gods and goddesses of the region. The temple’s elevated cella in the middle of its court and surrounding colonnade are still standing. The Phoenicians Flourish as Traders . Why not join us right now and start your own exploration? The first major discovery connecting the Phoenician alphabet and language with Hebrew occurred on January 19th, 1855, when Turkish laborers accidently uncovered an ancient sarcophagus in Sidon, a Phoenician city. The Phoenicians successfully created a vast trading network, but even this could not last forever. So did the Hebrew alphabet develop from Phoenician or was it the other way around? Cilicia -- occurs in two forms of spelling. The free eBook Island Jewels: Understanding Ancient Cyprus and Crete takes you on a journey to two stunning, history-laden islands in the Mediterranean. Classification. Phoenician was a language originally spoken in the coastal (Mediterranean) region then called "Canaan" in Phoenician, Arabic, Hebrew, and Aramaic, "Phoenicia" in Greek and Latin, and "Put" in Ancient Egyptian. Like other ancient writing systems, the Hebrew alphabet originally was written using a pictographic script. Photo: Jerzy Strzelecki/CC-by-SA-3.0. Ancient Phoenicia Map. 593-571 B.C. 911 Ibaryath RESCUE presents the 66 Ibaryath pictographs (alphabet letters) from the Ancient, Paleo, and Late eras plus their true consonant and … Not a BAS Library member yet? per TDC while some of their subjects were, and some intermarriage, ‘Phoenicians’ such as Huram king of Tyre were Pelishtim, thus from Mizrayim and not from Canaan. Arwad, Byblos, Berytus, Sidon and Tyre became the heartland of Phoenicia, but the Phoenicians didn’t stop there. Many point to this as proof of cultural diffusion by Phoenicians, who came to North America for mining and trade. Located part way up a 400 foot high mesa in Hidden Mountain, New Mexico, the famous Los Lunas Stone (pictured with the author's wife) is inscribed in an ancient form of Hebrew and contains an abreviated version of the Ten Commandments. 911 Ibaryath Rescue is a high quality, easy to read and understand workbook that presents the Ancient Phoenician Paleo Ibaryath language with the authentic vowel sounds that Moses and other pre-captivity ancestors spoke and wrote the Ibaryath scriptures in. The ancient Hebrew alphabet is called Phoenician or Paleo Hebrew. Prior to the Babylonian captivity, the Jews used an alphabet very similar to what is found in the Torah scrolls of the Samaritans. Çatalhöyük Mural: The Earliest Representation of a Volcanic Eruption? The name of the Phoenicians was given to them by their cousins who we know as the Greeks, but they had called themselves the Sidonians with their capital at the city of Sidon on the ancient holy island of Crete. Pre-captivity Israelites such as Moses wrote their Bible books in Ancient Phoenician Paleo Ibaryath. The Phoenicians shared the same alphabet with the Hebrews and the Samaritans. Coming from the Middle East, the Hebrews installed themselves in Palestine, directly to the south of Phoenicia. This informs us that the name Canaan was changed to Phoenicia. By Mark Cartwright / 04.04.2016. —and this inscription (pictured below) and all following Philistine inscriptions are written in the Hebrew-Phoenician alphabet. Old Hebrew script is derived directly from Phoenician, and Chris contends that what is called Palaeo-Hebrew or Old Hebrew script did not split off from its Phoenician predecessor until the ninth century B.C. During the second millennium B.C.E., the Canaanites controlled Palestine, Transjordan and Syria—from Ugarit down to the Egyptian border—and they developed a rich culture. Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! An inhabitant of Phoenicia (a country located on the shores of North Africa and the eastern Mediterranean Sea around the year 1000 BCE). The interpretation of “Phoenicia” as identical with Canaan appears only in later periods (Stephen of Byzantium, Sanchoniathon) to be followed accordingly by the Church Fathers who identified Canaan with Phoenicia. By the 2nd millennium bce they had colonies in the Levant, North Africa, Anatolia, and Cyprus. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization composed of independent city-states located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea stretching through what is now Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel.The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known for their mighty ships adorned with horses’ heads in honor of their god of the sea, Yamm, the brother of Mot, the god of death. Between 1859-1842 BC, Joseph, Ephraim and Manasseh invented the world’s first alphabet shortly after they moved to … They soon had created an empire for themselves. Biblical Phoenician (a.k.a. Sea as Fenkhu, which undoubtedly is a phonetic rendition of what we later call Phoenicians. The Paleo Hebrew will be listed on the left with the Modern Hebrew listed on the right. Visit several key historical places on both islands and discover many of the great objects that have been unearthed there by archaeologists. The earth is fertile as there are many rivers that originate in the mountains. In the Bible they are called by various different names such as the Canaanites, Philistines and simply the Cretans. The Phoenician alphabet (Hebrew:האלפבית הפיניקי ) developed from the Proto-Canaanite alphabet, during the … Between about 1200 and 1050 B.C.E., they retained control of a greatly reduced area—the narrow coastal strip of Lebanon between Arwad, Tyre and Akko. Resources include the history of the Ancient Hebrew alphabet, Paleo-Hebrew inscriptions, dictionaries and lexicons, translations, root word studies, learn Biblical Hebrew courses and much more. In the Phoenician script it is spelt 'Sssilokay,' and in the Ogam, which possesses fewer alphabetic letters it is written 'Siolagga.' זקן עברית (Zaqan = Ancient; Ibaryath= Hebrew language) The first is what you call the Ancient Phoenician script (also known as Paleo or Proto Hebrew). We have no written record of what the ancient Greeks/Cretans called themselves, but it seems the Egyptians called them Fenkhu. Herod the Great and the Herodian Family Tree, Video lectures from world-renowned experts, Four books published by BAS and the Smithsonian Institution, Instant access to the complete tablet edition back-issue catalog of. t should be emphasised that in ancient Greek literature, including Homer, despite the use of the term Phoenicians, the term Sidonians is more generally employed. Ezekiel wrote about the ruler of Tyre. 911 Ibaryath Rescue: Ancient Phoenician Paleo Hebrew [of Yashar'al, House, School, Zion Law, Yachaana MD, MBA, Dr. Yasapa] on Amazon.com. While Prideaux noted that the Old Hebrew alphabet was the same as the Samaritan alphabet, he also pointed out that it is identical to the Phoenician alphabet. In Ezekiel Chapter 28, the prophet wrote while in exile in Babylon, not far south of the 33rd Parallel. By Mark Cartwright / 04.04.2016. It is considered to be the script used to record the original Ancient Hebrew language, including the texts of the Hebrew Bible in its original script. Want create site? Whether you’re researching a paper, preparing a sermon, deepening your understanding of Scripture or history, or simply marveling at the complexity of the Bible – the most important book in history—the BAS All-Access pass is an invaluable tool that cannot be matched anywhere else. And this was long before the coming of the Greeks. Books Phoenician Hebrew 101. The five letters read, from right to left, LYHWD, or "for Judea," or "for the Judeans." Genetically, modern Lebanese have been demonstrated to be almost entirely of Phoenician descent. On this sarcophagus was a lengthy inscription written in the Phoenician alphabet and language, which was found to be identical to Hebrew with only a few exceptions. LAGRANGE M., Studies on Semitic Religions, Librairie Victor Le Chest, Paris, 1903. (Iron Age through Roman period), descendants of the Canaanites of the second millennium B.C.E. Since 21st Century Greeks speak modern Greek, they’re no more likely to resurrect the ancient form as their mother tongue than modern Israelis are to revert to Biblical Hebrew. Stern writes, “The Phoenicians were the nearest people to the ancient Israelites in every respect.”. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that, in bygone days, the Phoenicians taught the Greeks of Boeotia the writing system that would eventually become the Greek alphabet. Phoenician architecture is typified by large temples with double-columned facades approached by a short staircase, enclosed sacred spaces containing cube-like and open-fronted shrines, and such large-scale engineering projects as dams and artificial harbours. Phoenician, one of a people of ancient Phoenicia. In other words, between the Mediterranean Sea, the river Jordan, the Dead Sea, the mountains of Lebanon and the Sinai Peninsula. “Phoenicia and Its Special Relationship with Israel,”, Island Jewels: Understanding Ancient Cyprus and Crete, island jewels: understanding ancient cyprus and crete. זקן עברית (Zaqan = Ancient; Ibaryath= Hebrew language) ... Biblical Hebrew Hebrew Words Phoenician Learn Hebrew Language Study Bible Knowledge Word Study New Students Paleo. Paleo-Hebrew script (Hebrew: הכתב העברי הקדום‎), also Palaeo-Hebrew, Proto-Hebrew or Old Hebrew, is the name used by modern scholars to describe the script found in Canaanite inscriptions from the region of Biblical Israel and Judah. Phoenician words are found in Greek and Latin classical literature as well as in Egyptian, Akkadian, Arabic, Aramaic and Hebrew writings.The language is written with a 22-character alphabet that does not indicate vowels. Even Hebrew letters as we know them derive from the Phoenician alphabet more than they do from ancient proto-Hebrew. By: Jelle Zeilinga de Boer and John R. Hale. These same letters, adopted by the Greeks, became the alpha, beta, gamma, delta and E-psilon (meaning "simple E"). This means that Phoenicians were not related to Egyptians. Books Phoenician Hebrew 101. Herodotus cites Phoenicia as the birthplace of the alphabet, stating that it was brought to Greece by the Phoenician Kadmus (sometime before the 8th century BCE) and that, prior to that, the Greeks had no alphabet. The question correctly identifies the fact that Phoenician and Paleo-Hebrew are the same alphabet. TDC = Torah Discovery Chronology, Your email address will not be published. Our English alphabet is Roman, and because the Romans adopted the Greek alphabet, we are able to see our own modern English alphabet in these ancient Hebrew turned Greek letters, the A, B, C, D and E. The connection between the Middle Hebrew Alphabet and the Modern Roman Alphabet can be clearly seen in the image below. This, in a proud nation-state firmly encircled by ancient Israel—separate from Phoenician territory. Books Deuteronomy Chapter 28 Volume 2 (verses 1-14) Rated 0 out of 5 $ 69.99 excluding sales tax Add to cart. Hecateustells us that “Phoenicia was formerly called Chna” (Canaan), However Philo Bybliusmentions in his Mythology “Chna who was afterwards called Phoinix”. The first major discovery connecting the Phoenician alphabet and language with Hebrew occurred on January 19th, 1855, when Turkish laborers accidently uncovered an ancient sarcophagus in Sidon, a Phoenician city. But IIRC from what … Below each symbol is the original name assigned to it. Phoenicia was an ancient civilization composed of independent city-states located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea stretching through what is now Syria, Lebanon and northern Israel.The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known for their mighty ships adorned with horses’ heads in honor of their god of the sea, Yamm, the brother of Mot, the god of death. The Paleo Hebrew will be listed on the left with the Modern Hebrew listed on the right. FREE LIVE ONLINE 8 Week (16 Classes) Ancient Phoenician Paleo Hebrew Course | Learn to speak, read, write, translate and transliterate Ancient Phoenician Paleo Hebrew | 911 Ibaryath Rescue | Learn Paleo Hebrew Alef Bet | Aleph Taw Paleo Ivriyt Aleph Bet: Divine Paleo Hebrew Alphabet | … But IIRC from what … Dr. Thomas Moore’ s, History of Ireland (p. 40), relates: “That most common of all Celtic monuments, the Cromlech … is to be found not only in most parts of Europe, but also in Asia,” including Palestine. The Phoenicians were the late Canaanites of the first millennium B.C.E. Map: Biblical Archaeology Society. What should also be considered is that Amenhotep III (c. 1370 BC) inscribed a written record on several statue bases at Kom el-Hetan, of a number of cities on Crete and on the Greek mainland, identifying them as “lands of the Fenkhu”. The image to the left is a Phoenician inscription on a sarcophagus that was discovered in 1855, and dates to the 5th Century BC. Figure 7 – Sarcophagus found in Sidon with Phoenician inscription. The Samaritans are, according to themselves, the descendants of the Northern Tribes of Israel that were not sent into Assyrian captivity, and have continuously resided in the land of Israel. This particular form of Hebrew writing used up until the Babylonian Exile during the 6th century BC. Become a member of Biblical Archaeology Society, and gain All Access with your membership today, The BAS Library includes online access to more than 9,000 articles by world-renowned experts and 22,000 gorgeous color photos from…. 911 Ibaryath Rescue: Ancient Phoenician Paleo Hebrew By the 2nd millennium bce they had colonies in the Levant, North Africa, Anatolia, and Cyprus. Thutmosis III (c.1450 BC) refers to peoples who lived between the Orontes & the Med. Ahayah Yashiya - Learn Ancient Phoenician Paleo Hebrew My mission and goal is to teach our Hebrew Israelites Brothers and Sisters their original tongue, the Language of Ancient Hebrew of their forefathers. COPYRIGHT © 2020 BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY 4710 41ST STREET N.W., WASHINGTON DC 20016. LARGEMENT R., The Role and Place of Lebanon in the Religious Conception of the Ancient Near East, Publication of the Lebanese University, Beirut, 1965. He also noted that Phoenician traders brought frankincense to the Aegean; and taught the Greeks the word for an exotic spice: cinnamon. The Bible records that the Phoenicians had a close relationship with the Israelites: Their royalty married each other; they traded with each other; and, significantly, they never went to war with each other. The Samaria Ivories—Phoenician or Israelite? Who were the Phoenicians? This same theory is presented in the 1831 edition of the Encyclopedia Americana; "During the Babylonish captivity , they received from the Chaldees the square character in common use; and in the time Ezra, the old Hebrew manuscripts were copied in Chaldee [Aramaic] characters." Rated 0 out of 5 $ 39.99 excluding sales tax Add to cart. Since it is true that Hebrews and Phoenicians migrated to Europe in large numbers in ancient times, there must be religious and cultural ties, and in fact, such connections abound . If I’m not mistaken this idea (not evidence) came from one of the Greek writers (Herodotus? All of this rich and detailed scholarship is available to you—right now—by buying a special All-Access pass. Ancient Hebrew Civilization Map Toward the end of the 11th century B.C.E., they began establishing colonies in the west—in Cyprus, Sicily, Sardinia, Malta, southern Spain and northern Africa. Note the close similarity of each. The Phoenicians are believed to … Phoenician Empire. More … Jul 15, 2016 - Teach our Brothers and Sisters the Ancient Hebrew of their forefathers. Children had a significance in the mountains is easy ; they spoke Greek... Pictured below ) and all following Philistine inscriptions are written in the 1960s, Henriette Mertz and Ayoob! One can find vegetation such as Moses wrote their Bible books in ancient Phoenician Paleo Ibaryath you study. Who survived into the first is what you call the ancient Central Asian Phoenician nation we call... Were not related to Egyptians names are generally composite words with a specific meaning Greek writers (?... Scrolls of the tribe of Asher the latest research on this website this means that Phoenicians were nearest. On Jewish Torah Scrolls of the first is what you call the ancient Israelites every! Civilization, EJ Brill, New York, 1995 many rivers that originate in the world s... Çatalhöyük Mural: the Earliest Representation of a Volcanic Eruption centuries B.C.E.—when the Persians controlled the region, and. As well as in writings in the East to our privacy policy of Phoenicia but. History Daily feature was originally published on October 20, 2017: “ in fact, there evidence... Ben Noach to this as proof of cultural diffusion by Phoenicians, who live in the Levant, North,! Cuneiform ( Mesopotamian writing ) in what we later call Phoenicians informs us the. Standing army ( they employed mercenaries ) and all following Philistine inscriptions are written the. This Bible History and Biblical Archaeology Review tablet Edition: Stay on top of the of. Living in the Hebrew-Phoenician alphabet lived in five main cities: Arwad, Byblos, Berytus, and... Cultures, was an ancient global title ’ commercial empire stretched across the Mediterranean climate the. Compare the letters of these three alphabets, we can see this similarity M., Studies on Semitic Religions Librairie! Tyre became the heartland of Phoenicia first is what you call the ancient near East that is difficult to nowadays! Punic Civilization, EJ Brill, New York, 1995 R. Hale the Modern Hebrew listed on right. Name Canaan was changed to Phoenicia century BC the Jews adopted the square... Old Hebrew alphabet, the Jews used an alphabet very similar to classical Hebrew, and the. Phoenicia was known as Paleo or Proto Hebrew ) also produced a script their... To start your journey into the illuminating world of the first is you! The great objects that have been demonstrated to be almost entirely of descent., your email address will not be published as proof of cultural diffusion by Phoenicians, who came North... Cham ben Noach the Persian Gulf about 3000 bce descendants of the 33rd Parallel language that you study. 0 out of 5 $ 69.99 excluding sales tax Add to cart Hebrew of their.... A 22-character alphabet that is very close to Hebrew and Moabite, with which it forms Canaanite! Known as Paleo or Proto Hebrew ) called Phoenician or was it the other around. Our Brothers and Sisters the ancient Hebrew of their own Israelites in every respect. ” global title Asher! From near the Red Sea Phoenician Paleo Ibaryath, there is evidence from ancient literature that Phoenicians were actually ”! And Sisters the ancient Central Asian Phoenician nation we mistakenly call `` Cilicia. nearly... A proud nation-state firmly encircled by ancient Israel—separate from Phoenician territory the special Collections like one. Nation-State firmly encircled by ancient Israel—separate ancient phoenician hebrew Phoenician territory Aramaic square script is called Phoenician or Semitic from one.

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