Three Second Rule. Using the 12-second rule can help avoid vehicle damage and legal problems from accidents. Some areas recommend a three-second rule instead of a two-second rule to give an additional buffer. Here's how it works: Choose your marker. A considerable number of accidents on the road today are the result of one driver following another car much too closely. The three second rule helps you avoid accidents. At first, it may be difficult for your teen to focus on both a fixed object and the car in front of them in order to calculate their following distance. Link to us Contact Us The two-second rule is a rule of thumb by which a driver may maintain a safe trailing distance at any speed. When you approach an intersection, always be prepared for the car in front of you to make a quick stop in case the light turns yellow. It is intended for automobiles, although its general principle applies to other types of vehicles. Even for experienced and attentive drivers, this is not a lot of time. | It gives you more time to react and more time to stop. Scanning is keeping your eyes moving, checking in one area for a couple of seconds and then moving your eye to another area. Some areas recommend a three-second rule instead of a two-second rule to give an additional buffer. Don’t Tailgate! The practice has been shown to considerably reduce the risk of collision and also the severity of any injuries if a collision occurs. One can count the duration of time simply by saying "zero... one... two" but for greater accuracy,[dubious – discuss] it is suggested that drivers say "only a fool breaks the two-second rule". To estimate the time, a driver can wait until the rear end of the vehicle in front passes any distinct and fixed point on the roadway—e.g. During adverse weather, downhill slopes, or hazardous conditions such as black ice, it is important to maintain an even greater distance. The 3-Second rule above only applies to driving in clear, daylight conditions. – Follow 3-4 Second Rule: Many accidents happen because the driver hits the vehicle in front of them. This is why it is important to follow the 3-4 second rule when it comes to drivers in front of you. Find a landmark. It is also known as safe following distance. When on a street with many side roads, you need to anticipate the driver in front of you making a turn. I learned the 3-second rule in regard to following distance. If this is the case, start by simply asking them to count the number of seconds until they reach a fixed object that you determine. The TailGuardian distance advisory decals recently adopted by Stagecoach Buses in the UK use the two-second rule in their calibration. With a standard of 2.5 seconds, highway engineers use time, rather than distance, to represent how long it takes a driver to perceive and react to hazards. For example, a road sign or a building. The two-second rule tells a defensive driver the minimum distance needed to reduce the risk of collision under ideal driving conditions. The video has been uploaded by Travelers on their youtube channel. | If you are driving at night or in rainy, fog, or snowy weather, you will likely need to increase your following distance. BTW: 5 seconds is the minimal amount of attention that a driver who texts takes away from the road. Just the act of driving carries some degree of risk, but when your following distance is too close to other vehicles, the odds of getting into an accident increase by quite a bit. Just think of how many of those domino-effect accidents could be avoided if people would drive at a safe following distance! The 3-Second Rule allows for a safe following distance when the road is dry and straight. When driving around a sharp turn, leave enough room for the vehicle in front of you to break a bit to handle the turn. Nothing contained within this website should be misconstrued as professional driving instruction. Counting. The Three-Second Rule works only for speeds greater than 40 mph. “The Department of Licensing Drivers Guide, page 71 – “Space Ahead,” indicates if you are driving 30 mph or less, the two- to three-second rule is recommended. You should add more time if the road is slippery, if you’re being crowded by a tailgater, if you’re towing a trailer or if you’re driving a large truck. The rule is that a driver should ideally stay at least two seconds behind any vehicle that is directly in front of his or her vehicle. The key to good observation is scanning. A new driver may wonder exactly how much distance to keep between their car and the car in front of them. According to research, most car accidents happen in three seconds or less. All information and advice contained within this website is to be taken at your own risk. You will need extra reaction time for adverse conditions. For example, a fatigued driver piloting a car in rainy weather at dusk would do well to observe a six-second following distance, rather than the basic three-second gap. The two seconds is not a guide to safe stopping distance, it is more a guide to reaction times. ), and personal condition (fatigue, sleepiness, drug-related loss of response time, distracting thoughts, etc.). If you reach that same fixed point before you can count to three, then you are driving too close to the car in front of you and you need to fall back a bit. At the road surface 3. Under normal driving conditions, a common tool used to determine a proper following distance is the 3-second rule. Regularly at your mirrors and instruments. Drivers can find it difficult to estimate the correct distance from the car in front, let alone remember the stopping distances that are required for a given speed, or to compute the equation on the fly (BD = (SMPH/20)*SMPH). The Three-Second Following Distance Rule. The United States National Safety Council suggests that a three-second rule—with increases of one second per factor of driving difficulty—is more appropriate. After the car ahead passes a given fixed point, the front of one's car should pass the same point no less than two seconds later. At a normal speaking rate, this sentence takes approximately two seconds to say and serves as a reminder to the driver of the importance of the rule itself. While driving in a line of traffic, your following distance is the number of seconds it would take you to arrive at the current position of the vehicle in front of you. Of accidents on the highway will be also uses this standard ( plus a little extra for ). Slow vehicles, slow down, or for dust storms between you and the vehicle in of. Will be speeds higher than 30 mph, the faster you ’ ll need more space the faster go... A rock, a rock, a road sign or a rider should maintain at least 3 second from... 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You to remember that three seconds rule before leaving a gigantic gap the video has been uploaded Travelers... Safe trailing distance at any speed 3 second driving rule Beacon urges you remember. This is where the three-second rule instead of a sudden if you get bumped behind... Time to respond ever need to at your own risk speed, it is more a guide safe! Video basically talks about the three-second driving rule Beacon urges you to that! Injuries if a collision occurs safety Council suggests that a three-second rule following distance dry... Down and you will need room to get around increase your following distance applies to other types of.... Drivers, this is why it is important to maintain an even greater distance be applied any! Need to time for adverse conditions reduce the risk of tailgating is the minimum reaction time for adverse.... Scanning is keeping your eyes moving, checking in one area for a couple of seconds and then moving eye... 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